H6662 – tsadiyq צַדִּיק (tsad·dēk’) meaning “just, lawful, righteous”
from H6663 – tsadaq צָדַק (tsä·dak’ ) meaning “to be just, justified, be righteous”
First reference – Beresheit (Genesis) 6:9: This is the history of the generations of Noach (Noah). Noach was a righteousman, blameless among the people of his time. Noach walked with Elohim.
H4941 – mishpat מִשְׁפָּט (mish·pät’) meaning “judgment, justice, ordinance, justice, right, rectitude, decision (in law), right, privilege, due (legal), proper, fitting, measure, fitness, custom, manner, plan.”
from H8199 – shaphat שָׁפַט (shä·fat’) meaning “to judge, govern, vindicate, punish”
First Reference – Beresheit (Genesis) 18:19: For I have known him, to the end that he may command his children and his household after him, that they may keep the way of Yahweh, to do righteousness and justice; to the end that Elohim may bring on Avraham that which he has spoken of him.”
While these 2 concepts tend to go hand-in-hand, they are not synonymous and come from 2 different origins:
Mishpat – To be right/just, or “rightness,” originates from the concept of judgement or the “Letter of the law.” Mishpat is the base of the name of the Book of Judges – “Mishpatim,” and hence gives us an idea of the heart or essence of the word – to be right is to be declared as abiding by the rule of law.
Tsadiyq – To be righteous originates from the concept of justification through obedience, whereas, mishpat is to be declared right by the law. Moreover, righteousness is established by a choice of living by and obedience to the law just as Avraham (Abraham) was declared righteous: Romayim (Romans) 4:3: For what does the Scripture say? “Avraham believed Elohim, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.” He followed Yahweh’s word and was declared righteous, and Yahweh’s word is the Torah. Avraham walked with Yahweh just as Noach did.
Rightness does not necessarily equal righteousness! It is more important to live a righteous life, being obedient to the words of the Father and walking in His statutes, than to be correct in judgement. Rightness tends to lead to a life of “legalism,” doing things mechanically for the sake of being right or seen as right (“check box”) rather than living a life by Yahweh’s commands for the sake of loving Him and being obedient to Him.
Lead a life of righteousness, of obedience to the Father through love and faith. If you do these things “rightness” will not be questioned. Do not do anything for the sake of esteem in the eyes of the world or the “church,” for there you will receive your reward. Seek the greater treasures which are with Our Father in Heaven. May Yahweh bless you as you walk in the path righteousness and may you be blessed in all that you set your hand to do. I hope this study enriches your walk and challenges you to look back into the scriptures to seek more meaning.