Messenger of Elohim

 

The Messenger/Angel of Yahweh!

   The Tanakh points us to a character that is seemingly unlike any other presented in Scripture – The Messenger/Angel of Yahweh. The Sages of Israel believe him to be Messiah or the Spirit of Messiah. We will examine the various scripture verses that present this Messenger and attempt to examine His character. We want to figure out exactly who he is! Also listed in this study, are some of the key terms used in the study with the Brown-Driver-Briggs, Strongs, and Ancient Hebrew Lexicon entries. The Messenger of Yahweh is presented 79 times and we will take time to try to examine each to learn the truth (please take time to look at each and don’t get overwhelmed, the list is a bit lengthy):
 Key Terms
Messenger: H4397   מלאך mal’âk
BDB Definition:
1) messenger, representative
1a) messenger
1b) angel
1c) the theophanic angel
Part of Speech: noun masculine
From the Hebrew word “lach or lak” which means to walk. (i.e. Halacha)
shamar: H8104   שׁמר   shâmar
2853) ( ShMR) ac: Guard co: Brier ab: Custody: A close watching of something for guarding or protecting. Shepherds constructed corrals of briers at night to protect the flock from predators. [from: nx – from the thorns used in constructing a corral]
  1. V) (Sh-MR) – Guard: To watch over or guard in the sense of preserving or protecting. [freq. 468] (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Piel, Participle) |kjv: keep, observe, heed, keeper, preserve, beware, mark, watchman, wait, watch, regard, save| {str: 8104}
Yahweh/YHWH/ יהוה : The name of the Almighty Creator of Heaven and Earth which was removed from the scriptures. It originally appeared in the Hebrew Tanakh over 6,200 times.
Yahushua/Yeshua: The Hebrew or Aramaic given name of the Messiah, only son of Yahweh the Creator of Heaven and Earth.
Ya’aqov/Ya’aqob: The Hebrew/Semitic given name of Jacob who is later known as Israel/Yisra’el
Avraham/Abraham: The name of Abraham, “the Father of Many Nations,” father of Yitschaq/Issac and Yishma’el/Ishmael
Yitschaq: The Hebrew/Semitic given name of Isaac
Yoseph: The Hebrew/Semitic given name of Jacob’s son Joseph – Note: in case you haven’t picked up on it, there are no “J’s” in the Hebrew language. J’s came by way of the Spanish and French language’s as a different pronunciation of the “I” when it was at the beginning of words. The “I” came by way of the Greek Iota which was the translation of the Hebrew Yod (i).
Elohim, El, Eloha: The Hebrew word that means “mighty one,” it was translated as the word G-d, g-d, and l-rd in the King James Version of the Bible. It is the passive plural pronoun used to relay esteem onto Yahweh when using His name was inappropriate.
Beresheit (Genesis) 16:7-12:
(7) And the Messenger of יהוה found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, by the spring on the way to Shur,
(8) and He said, “Hagar, Sarai’s female servant, where have you come from, and where are you going?” And she said, “I am fleeing from the presence of Sarai, my mistress.”
(9) And the Messenger of יהוה said to her, “Return to your mistress, and humble yourself under her hand.”
(10) And the Messenger of יהוה said to her, “I am going to increase your seed greatly, too numerous to be counted.”
(11) And the Messenger of יהוה said to her, “See, you are conceiving and bearing a son, and shall call his name Yishmaʽĕl, because יהוה has heard your affliction.
(12) “And he is to be a wild man, his hand against every one and every one’s hand against him, and dwell over against all his brothers.”
– The Messenger of Yahweh, by these verses, is able to know and declare/confirm whatever Father Yahweh does. He also bears the name of the Father by Hagar’s next actions: Gen 16:13 And she called the Name of יהוה who spoke to her, “You are the Ěl who sees,” for she said, “Even here have I seen after Him who sees me?” So not only does he come in the Name of the Father but is able to be seen without causing the death of the seer. Yahweh’s glory or “shekenah” has been ascribed as so awesome that people would die if the merely caught sight of it. So in recap, here is what we know so far:
              – He is able declare the Word of Yahweh with the same breath and power as the Father.
               – He carries the same name as Yahweh and is seen in the same “light” as Yahweh
               – He may be seen and the seer not perish, whereas the awesomeness of the Shekenah of Yahweh brings death to the seer.
Beresheit (Genesis) 21:17-18:
(17) And Elohim heard the voice of the boy, and the messenger of Elohim called to Hagar from the heavens, and said to her, “What is the matter with you, Hagar? Do not fear, for Elohim has heard the voice of the boy where he is.
(18) “Arise, lift up the boy and hold him with your hand, for I make a great nation of him.”
– Just as He promised in Beresheit chapter 16, the Messenger of Yahweh made the promise that Yahweh would increase Yishma’el and preserve him. Yahweh is an Elohim of Truth, he is true to His word and so is His emissary.
Beresheit (Genesis) 22:10-14:
(10) And Avraham stretched out his hand and took the knife to slay his son,
(11) but the Messenger of יהוה called to him from the heavens and said, “Avraham, Avraham!” And he said, “Here I am.”
(12) And He said, “Do not lay your hand on the boy, nor touch him. For now I know that you fear Elohim, seeing you have not withheld your son, your only son, from Me.”
(13) And Avraham lifted his eyes and looked and saw behind him a ram caught in a bush by its horns, and Avraham went and took the ram and offered it up for a burnt offering instead of his son.
(14) And Avraham called the name of the place, ‘יהוה Yireh,’ as it is said to this day, “On the mountain יהוה provides.”
– The messenger of Yahweh is able to speak from Heaven. He calls Avraham by his name, indicating a personal knowledge or covenant with him. He commands and he is obeyed, we can gather this by Avraham’s actions in sparing his son. The curious and truly telling part is at the end of verse 14 – “seeing you have not withheld your son, your only son, from Me.” We see in the beginning of this chapter, in verse 1& 2, that Yahweh Elohim commands/tries Avraham with the sacrifice of his son: Beresheit (Genesis) 22:1-2 – (1)And it came to be after these events that Elohim tried Aḇraham, and said to him, “Aḇraham!” And he said, “Here I am.” (2)And He said, “Take your son, now, your only son Yitsḥaq, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriyah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains which I command you.” It is Yahweh who gives the command for Avraham to sacrifice Yitschaq, yet is the Messenger of Yahweh who says “you have not kept him from ME! Apparently there is a connection between the will of Yahweh and the will of the Messenger = they are echad (one, or unified)! Finally, despite the fact that it is at the Word of Yahweh’s messenger that Avraham stops, Yahweh gets the glory for the redemption of Yitsḥaq as seen in verse 14: And Avraham called the name of the place, ‘יהוה Yireh,’ as it is said to this day, “On the mountain יהוה provides.”
Beresheit(Genesis) 22:15-18:
(15) And the Messenger of יהוה called to Avraham a second time from the heavens,
(16) and said, “By Myself I have sworn, declares יהוה, because you have done this, and have not withheld your son, your only son,
(17) that I shall certainly bless you, and I shall certainly increase your seed as the stars of the heavens and as the sand which is on the seashore, and let your seed possess the gate of their enemies.
(18) “And in your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed, because you have obeyed My voice.”
– The Messenger of Yahweh here is obviously the mouthpiece of Yahweh Elohim, he is declaring the word of Yahweh to Avraham. He relays the covenant between the Father and Avraham which the Messenger becomes a guarantor for, because He swears by Yahweh that this is what shall be. Verse 18 states that Avraham listened to “My” voice being the voice of the Messenger and in turn, the voice of Yahweh Elohim. It is also a type and shadow of the Almighty Father’s offering of His only son for our sins, to show His commitment to the covenant with Avraham.
Beresheit (Genesis) 24:7-8:
(7) “יהוה, Elohim of the heavens, who took me from my father’s house and from the land of my relatives, and who spoke to me and swore to me, saying, ‘To your seed I give this land,’ He sends His messenger before you, and you shall take a wife for my son from there.
(8) “And if the woman refuses to follow you, then you shall be released from this oath; only, do not take my son back there.”
– The Messenger of Yahweh is sent before Eliezer to insure that the bride intended for Yitschaq is selected- to fulfill the promise of the covenant. Again, the messenger acts a guarantor for the covenant, ensuring that what was written from the beginning came to be!
Beresheit (Genesis) 24:40:
“But he said to me, ‘יהוה, before whom I walk, sends His messenger with you and shall prosper your way. And you shall take a wife for my son from my relatives and from my father’s house.
– This is the retelling of the promise between Eliezer and Avraham to Laban. The beauty of the retelling shows the success of the Messenger leading Eliezer to the intended Bride of Yitschaq. It shows that the Messenger and the Father are true to their word and keepers of the covenants that they make.
Beresheit (Genesis) 31:11-13:
(11) And the Messenger of Elohim spoke to me in a dream, saying, ‘Yaʽaqov.’ And I said, ‘Here I am.’
(12) “And He said, ‘Lift your eyes now and see, all the rams which leap on the flocks are streaked, speckled, and mottled, for I have seen all that Laban is doing to you.
(13) ‘I am the Ěl of Bĕyth Ěl, where you anointed the standing column and where you made a vow to Me. Now rise up, get out of this land, and return to the land of your relatives.’ ”
– The Messenger of Elohim shows us His intimate concern: He sees the wrongs that Laban is doing to Ya’aqov. He identifies Himself as the “El of Bĕyth El where you anointed the standing column and where you made a vow to me!” The promise was made to Yahweh, Elohim of Avraham and Yitsḥaq, not directly to the Messenger, but by this we know that to make a vow to one is to make a vow to both. We see often in the Scriptures that when the Messenger is ascribed the title of “Messenger of Elohim,” that He comes in judgement, as if the removal of Yahweh’s name removes the personal relationship aspect of Him and is replaced with a title.
Beresheit (Genesis) 48:15-16:
(15) And he blessed Yosĕph, and said, “The Elohim before whom my fathers Avraham and Yitschaq walked, the Elohim who has fed me all my life long to this day,
(16) the Messenger who has redeemed me from all evil – bless the youths! And let my name be called upon them, and the name of my fathers Avraham and Yitschaq. And let them increase to a multitude in the midst of the earth.”
– Ya’aqov, in His blessing to Yoseph, sites the Messenger as the one who redeemed Him from evil. He also gives Yahweh credit being the Elohim of His fathers and for feeding him for his entire life. He then imparts the covenant of His fathers upon the 2 sons of Yoseph- this insures the survival of a remnant because both will be a mixed multitude amongst the nations.
Shemoth (Exodus) 3:2:
And the Messenger of יהוה appeared to him in a flame of fire from the midst of a bush. And he looked and saw the bush burning with fire, but the bush was not consumed.
– Again we see that Messenger of Yahweh appears to man and may be seen without death. We also see that the glory of the Messenger appears as a burning fire that does not consume, so that we may be witness to it as Mosheh did.
Shemoth (Exodus) 14:19-20:
(19) And the Messenger of Elohim, who went before the camp of Yisra’ĕl, moved and went behind them. And the column of cloud went from before them and stood behind them,
(20) and came between the camp of the Mitsrites and the camp of Yisra’ĕl. And it was the cloud and the darkness, and it gave light by night, and the one did not come near the other all the night.
– The Messenger of Elohim was the column of cloud that led the children of Yisra’el. At the site of the Reed/Red Sea crossing, he moved from before them to behind them in order to protect them from the advancing Mitsrites (Egyptians). The cloud stood as darkness before the Mitsrites (much like the curse in Devarim (Deuteronomy) 28:19 – “And you shall be groping at noon, as a blind man gropes in the darkness, and not prosper in your ways. And you shall be only oppressed, and plundered all the days, with no one to save you.”). At the same time the Messenger provided light for the children of Yisra’el. This brings to mind to scripture verses:
                           Tehellim (Psalms) 27:1: “Yahweh is my light and my deliverance; Whom should I fear? Yahweh is the refuge of my life; Whom should I dread?”
                           Tehellim (Psalms) 36:9: “For with You is the fountain of life; In your light we see light.”
Shemoth (Exodus) 23:20-23:
(20) “See, I am sending a Messenger before you to guard you in the way and to bring you into the place which I have prepared.
(21) “Be on guard before Him and obey His voice. Do not rebel against Him, for He is not going to pardon your transgression, for My Name is in Him.
(22) “But if you diligently obey His voice and shall do all that I speak, then I shall be an enemy to your enemies and a distresser to those who distress you.
(23) “For My Messenger shall go before you and shall bring you in to the Amorites and the Hittites and the Perizzites and the Kenaʽanites and the Hiwwites and the Yebusites, and I shall cut them off.
– The Messenger goes before them to “guard them in the way.” The word guard comes from the Hebrew word shamar (see terms) which is also used in the phrases “to guard/keep the commandments,” “guard/keep the sabbath,” “and guard the set-apart times of Yahweh (i.e. the Feast – Pesach, Shavuot, Sukkot).” In general it means to physically keep something or preserve something – Hebrew is a concrete language that is based on the person and His/her surroundings and environment. The Children of Yisra’el were to obey His voice (because His words are the words of the Father), and not rebel against Him because He carries the Name of Yahweh with Him. To rebel against the Messenger was to rebel against Yahweh, which would bring correction and chastisement, much like a father and a disobedient child. This begins a long string of events where the Father ask the Children of Yisra’el “to hear and obey,” seemingly an easy task to accomplish, yet one that was resoundingly difficult for Yisra’el and resulted in 40 years of wandering in the wilderness:
     Devarim(Deuteronomy ) 6:4-12:
                 (4)“Hear, O Yisra’ĕl: יהוה our Elohim, יהוה is one! (5) “And you shall love יהוה your Elohim with all your heart, and with all your being, and with all your might. (6)“And these Words which I am commanding you today shall be in your heart, (7) and you shall impress them upon your children, and shall speak of them when you sit in your house, and when you walk by the way, and when you lie down, and when you rise up, (8) and shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes. (9) “And you shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates. (10) “And it shall be, when יהוה your Elohim brings you into the land of which He swore to your fathers, to Aḇraham, to Yitsḥaq, and to Yaʽaqoḇ, to give you great and good cities which you did not build, (11) and houses filled with all kinds of goods, which you did not fill, and wells dug which you did not dig, vineyards and olive trees which you did not plant, and you shall eat and be satisfied (12) be on guard, lest you forget יהוה who brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim, from the house of bondage.
We are called, even today, to hear and obey as the children were called. And If we follow His voice and loving instruction and do what He says, then Our enemies will be His and those that distress Us – He will distress. As we have seen so far, the Messenger of Yahweh serves as a guarantor of the Covenant of Avraham. The tribes that are to be removed from the land were not meant to be the original inhabitants, they are descendants of Kena’an (son of Ham, son of Noach); whereas Avraham (a descendant of Shem) was promised the land between the River Nile and the River Euphrates.(Gen 15:18)
Shemoth(Exodus) 32:34: “And now, go, lead the people to the place of which I have spoken to you. See, My Messenger goes before you. And in the day of My visitation I shall visit their sin upon them.”
– The continuance of the promise of Yahweh, to have His Messenger lead the children of Yisra’el in the wilderness.
Shemoth(Exodus) 33:1-3:
(1) And יהוה said to Mosheh, “Come, go up from here, you and the people whom you have brought out of the land of Mitsrayim, to the land of which I swore to Avraham, to Yitschaq, and to Yaʽaqov, saying, ‘To your seed I give it.’
(2) “And I shall send My Messenger before you, and I shall drive out the Kenaʽanite and the Amorite and the Hittite and the Perizzite and the Hiwwite and the Yeḇusite,
(3) to a land flowing with milk and honey. For I do not go up in your midst because you are a stiff-necked people, lest I consume you on the way.”
– The Kena’anites, Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hiwwites, and Yebusite inhabited the land that Yahweh promised to Avraham, Yitshaq, and Ya’aqov. They were squatters, not then intended inhabitants; and yet, they served the purpose of preserving the land and preventing it from being overrun by the beast of the field. The messenger of Yahweh did remove them, but slowly over the 40 years that the children wandered in the wilderness so that prophesy could be fulfilled: Devarim(Deuteronomy) 6:10-11 – (10)“And it shall be, when יהוה your Elohim brings you into the land of which He swore to your fathers, to Avraham, to Yitshaq, and to Yaʽaqov, to give you great and good cities which you did not build, (11) and houses filled with all kinds of goods, which you did not fill, and wells dug which you did not dig, vineyards and olive trees which you did not plant, and you shall eat and be satisfied.
Bemidbar(Numbers) 20:14-16:
(14) And Mosheh sent messengers from Qadĕsh to the sovereign of Edom. “This is what your brother Yisra’ĕl said, ‘You know all the hardship that has befallen us,
(15) that our fathers went down to Mitsrayim, and we dwelt in Mitsrayim a long time, and the Mitsrites did evil to us and our fathers.
(16) ‘And we cried out to יהוה, and He heard our voice and sent the Messenger and brought us up out of Mitsrayim. And see, we are in Qadĕsh, a city on the edge of your border.
– Mosheh, through his messengers, is pleading with the sovereign of Edom (Edom was a “nickname” for Esau, the brother of Ya’aqov)for passage through the land to the Promised land. It is very interesting that not only is this story being revealed to Edom, but to us after the fact. In my studies, the Messenger of Yahweh is only mentioned preceding the Exodus story (Exo 3:2) and following it (Exo 14:19), not during it. It is reminiscent of the revealing of Yahushua’s role in Creation in John 1:1-3: (1) In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with Elohim, and the Word was Elohim. (2) He was in the beginning with Elohim. (3) All came to be through Him,1 and without Him not even one came to be that came to be. Footnote: 1Eph. 3:9, Col. 1:16, Heb. 1:2, Heb. 11:3, 2 Peter 3:5, Ps. 33:6. The truth of it is in Beresheit if you know Hebrew, but for most, the revelation in John is world changing – to realize that our Messiah had not only a hand in creation, but was the force behind it completely because He is the Word and the Word came from the mouth of Yahweh and everything came to be out of the mouth of Yahweh.
Bemidbar(Numbers) 22:22-27,31-35:
(22) But the displeasure of Elohim burned because he went, and the Messenger of יהוה stationed Himself in the way as an adversary against him. And he was riding on his donkey, and his two servants were with him.
(23) And the donkey saw the Messenger of יהוה standing in the way with His drawn sword in His hand, and the donkey turned aside out of the way and went into the field. So Bilʽam beat the donkey to turn her back onto the way.
(24) Then the Messenger of יהוה stood in a narrow passage between the vineyards, with a wall on this side and a wall on that side.
(25) And when the donkey saw the Messenger of יהוה, she pushed herself against the wall and crushed Bilʽam’s foot against the wall, so he beat her again.
(26) And the Messenger of יהוה went further, and stood in a narrow place where there was no way to turn aside, right or left.
(27) And when the donkey saw the Messenger of יהוה, she lay down under Bilʽam. So Bilʽam’s displeasure burned, and he beat the donkey with his staff.
(31) Then יהוה opened Bilʽam’s eyes, and he saw the Messenger of יהוה standing in the way with His drawn sword in His hand. And he bowed his head and fell on his face.
(32) And the Messenger of יהוה said to him, “Why have you beaten your donkey these three times? See, I have come out to stand against you, because your way is reckless before Me.
(33) “And the donkey saw Me and turned aside from Me these three times. If she had not turned aside from Me, I certainly would have killed you by now, and let her live.”
(34) And Bilʽam said to the Messenger of יהוה, “I have sinned, for I did not know You stood in the way against me. And now, if evil is in Your eyes, let me turn back.”
(35) And the Messenger of יהוה said to Bilʽam, “Go with the men, but only the word that I speak to you, that you speak.” Bilʽam then went with the heads of Balaq.
– Again we see the Messenger of Yahweh as a guarantor for the covenant and safety of Yisra’el. Here is the notable passage about Bilʽam son of Be’or who is “hired” to curse Yisra’el for Balaq sovereign of Moab. He was a “prophet for profit” skilled at divination and other forms of soothsaying and witchcraft, and yet Yahweh was to use him to bless Yisra’el in the face of its enemies. The Messenger of Yahweh stands in the way of Bil’am and his donkey 3 times before revealing Himself to Bil’am and commanding him to only say the words which the messenger tells him to say. Something Bil’am holds true to until the last moment, when he tells Balaq how to come against Yisra’el- which ultimately leads to not only the destruction of Moab but Bil’am as well. We can see a picture of the Messiah in the path that Bil’am travels: a narrowing path that ends with the Messenger of Elohim barring the way forward, acting as the “door.” Also invokes thoughts of Yitshaq’s blessing upon Ya’aqov: Beresheit 27: 28-29 (28)And Elohim give you of the dew of the heavens, of the fatness of the earth, and plenty of grain and wine. (29)Let peoples serve you, and nations bow down to you. Be master over your brothers, and let your mother’s sons bow down to you. Cursed be those cursing you, and blessed be those blessing you!” The messenger holds true to Yitshaq’s words and holds Bil’am’s tongue from cursing the children of Yisra’el.
Yehoshua (Joshua) 5:13-15:
(13) And it came to be, when Yehoshua was by Yericho, that he lifted his eyes and looked and saw a Man standing opposite him with His sword drawn in His hand. And Yehoshua went to Him and said to Him, “Are You for us or for our adversaries?”
(14) And He said, “No, for I have now come as Captain of the host of יהוה.” And Yehoshua fell on his face to the earth and did obeisance, and said to Him, “What is my Master saying to His servant?”
(15) And the Captain of the host of יהוה said to Yehoshua, “Take your sandal off your foot, for the place where you stand is set-apart.” And Yehoshua did so.
– The Messenger of Elohim appears to Yehoshua (Joshua) as the Captain of the host of Yahweh. Just like the appearance in the burning bush, Yehoshua is instructed to take of his sandals because he stands on set-apart ground. The ground is set apart not because it is some special place – but because it is where the Captain/Messenger stood. Exactly the same way that Mosheh was instructed and fell down on His face in obeisance, so did Yehoshua (which means the “Yah is salvation”).
Shophetim (Judges) 2:1-5:
(1) And the Messenger of יהוה came up from Gilgal to Bokim, and said, “I led you up from Mitsrayim and brought you to the land of which I swore to your fathers, and I said, ‘I do not break My covenant with you,
(2) and as for you, do not make a covenant with the inhabitants of this land – break down their altars.’ But you have not obeyed My voice. What is this you have done?
(3) “Therefore I also said, ‘I am not driving them out before you, and they shall be adversaries to you, and their mighty ones shall be a snare to you.’ ”
(4) And it came to be, when the Messenger of יהוה spoke these words to all the children of Yisra’ĕl, that the people lifted up their voice and wept.
(5) So they called the name of that place Bokim, and slaughtered there to יהוה.
– The messenger of Yahweh came from Gilgal (which is derived from the Hebrew word “galgal” which means wheel, whirlwind, and/or heaven) to Bokim (which means “weeping”). The messenger shows His displeasure by bringing the curse upon the children of Yisra’el. They were instructed to Keep the covenant with Yahweh, and conversely with the Messenger because he and Yahweh are one, and to breakdown the high places of the religions that have polluted the land. They did not do what they were told. So the Messenger, rather than clearing out the enemies of the land before Yisra’el, left them to stand as adversaries and stumbling blocks to the children of Yisra’el. Also of note, there is an untranslated Aleph-Tav  (את) right next to the name of Yahweh pointing us to a person not named in the scripture passage, but will be revealed at the end of this study. Also of note is that the children of Yisra’el were fulfilling the very prophesy that Yahweh gave to Mosheh before He died: Devarim (Deuteronomy) 31:16-18 – (16)And יהוה said to Mosheh, “See, you are about to sleep with your fathers. And this people shall rise and whore after the mighty ones of the strangers of the land into the midst of which they shall enter, and forsake Me and break My covenant which I have made with them. (17) “Then My displeasure shall burn against them in that day, and I shall forsake them and hide My face from them, and they shall be consumed. And many evils and distresses shall come upon them, and it shall be said in that day, ‘Is it not because our Elohim is not in our midst that these evils have come upon us?’ (18)“And I shall certainly hide My face in that day, because of all the evil which they have done, for they shall turn to other mighty ones.
Shophetim (Judges) 6:19-24:
(19) And Gidʽon went in, and prepared a young goat, and unleavened bread from an ĕphah of flour. The meat he put in a basket, and he put the broth in a pot. And he brought them out to Him, under the terebinth tree, and presented it.
(20) And the Messenger of Elohim said to him, “Take the meat and the unleavened bread and lay them on this rock, and pour out the broth.” And he did so.
(21) And the Messenger of יהוה put forth the end of the staff that was in His hand, and touched the meat and the unleavened bread. And fire went up out of the rock and consumed the meat and the unleavened bread. And the Messenger of יהוה went from his sight.
(22) And when Gidʽon saw that He was a Messenger of יהוה, Gid’on said, “Oh Master יהוה! For I have seen a Messenger of יהוה face to face.”
(23) And יהוה said to him, “Peace be with you! Do not fear, you do not die.”
(24) And Gidʽon built an altar there to יהוה, and called it: יהוה Shalom. To this day it is still in Ophrah of the Abiʽezerites.
– Much like the example of Avraham in Beresheit(Genesis) 18, we have Gideon meeting the Messenger of Yahweh (through Yahweh’s command) by a terebinth tree to offer a slaughtering, unleavened bread, and broth. When anyone is greeted by the Messenger by a terebinth tree, the seeker is usually in for quite a lesson in wisdom and schooling in the way to “walk.” The Messenger of Yahweh carries a staff and gives way to the appearance of 2 things at the same time: 1) a shepherd and 2) a king holding a sceptre. The fire came out of the rock, symbolizing the consuming nature of the power of Yahweh – “the Rock of our Salvation.” Then Gideon, realizing what he just witnessed and in whose company he was in, prays to Yahweh in awe that He was still alive. He is then told by Yahweh not to fear for he will not die. Once again, a scriptural figure has seen the messenger of Yahweh face to face and did not perish.
Shophetim (Judges) 13:2-25:
(2) And there was a certain man from Tsorʽah, of the clan of the Danites, whose name was Manowah. And his wife was barren and had not borne.
(3) And the Messenger of יהוה appeared to the woman and said to her, “See now, you are barren and have not borne, but you shall conceive, and you shall bear a son.
(4) “And now, please guard, and do not drink wine or strong drink, and do not eat any unclean food.
(5) “For look, you are conceiving and bearing a son. And let no razor come upon his head, for the youth is a Nazirite to Elohim from the womb on. And he shall begin to save Yisra’ĕl out of the hand of the Philistines.”
(6) And the woman came and spoke to her husband, saying, “A Man of Elohim came to me, and His appearance was like the appearance of a Messenger of Elohim, very awesome. But I did not ask Him where He was from, and He did not declare to me His name.
(7) “And He said to me, ‘See, you are conceiving and bearing a son. And now, drink no wine or strong drink, nor eat any unclean food, for the youth is a Nazirite to Elohim from the womb to the day of his death.’ ”
(8) And Manowah prayed to יהוה, and said, “O יהוה, please let the Man of Elohim whom You sent come to us again and teach us what to do for the youth who is to be born.”
(9) And Elohim listened to the voice of Manowah, and the Messenger of Elohim came to the woman again as she was sitting in the field, but Manowah her husband was not with her.
(10) And the woman ran hurriedly and informed her husband, and said to him, “See, He has appeared to me, the Man who came to me the other day!”
(11) And Manowah arose and went after his wife, and came to the Man, and he said to Him, “Are You the Man who spoke to this woman?” And He said, “I am.”
(12) And Manowah said, “Now let Your words come true! What is to be the rule for the youth’s life and his work?”
(13) And the Messenger of יהוה said to Manowah, “Let the woman guard all that I said to her.
(14) “Let her not eat any food that comes from the vine, neither let her drink wine or strong drink, or eat any unclean food. Let her guard all that which I have commanded her.”
(15) And Manowah said to the Messenger of יהוה, “Please let us detain You, and prepare a young goat for You.”
(16) And the Messenger of יהוה said to Manowah, “Though you detain Me, I do not eat your food. But if you offer a burnt offering, offer it to יהוה.” For Manowah did not know He was a Messenger of יהוה.
(17) Then Manowah said to the Messenger of יהוה, “What is Your name? When Your words come true, then we shall esteem You.”
(18) And the Messenger of יהוה said to him, “Why do you ask My name, since it is wondrous?”
(19) And Manowah took the young goat with the grain offering, and offered it upon the rock to יהוה. And He did wondrously while Manowah and his wife looked on.
(20) And it came to be, as the flame went up toward the heavens from the altar, that the Messenger of יהוה went up in the flame of the altar. And Manowaḥ and his wife were watching, and they fell on their faces to the ground.
(21) And the Messenger of יהוה did not appear any more to Manowaḥ and his wife. Then Manowah knew that He was a Messenger of יהוה.
(22) And Manowah said to his wife, “We shall certainly die, because we have seen Elohim!”
(23) But his wife said to him, “If יהוה had been pleased to put us to death, He would not have accepted a burnt offering and a grain offering from our hands, nor would He have shown us all this, nor would He have let us hear the like of this!”
(24) So the woman bore a son and called his name Shimshon. And the child grew, and יהוה blessed him.
(25) And the Spirit of יהוה began to move him at Maḥanĕh Dan, between Tsorʽah and Eshta’ol.
– Here the Messenger of Yahweh is appearing to Manowah and his wife, about the approaching birth of their son Shimshon (Samson). Samson is a type and shadow of the Messiah, he was to be a Nazarite from birth, hence the famous long hair rumored to be His strength. The Messenger’s name is “wondrous” and he did wondrous things in their sight (went up into the flame). As previously mentioned, the people were not alarmed by His presence and when He departed, they believed Him to be Elohim. They marvel, like Hagar, that they have “seen Elohim and live.” He also declares Yahweh’s divine purpose for the child to the parents so that they know how to raise him. Shimshon was a Danite (which means “judgement” in Hebrew) and served as judge and Nazarite for 20 years just as messiah serves as priest and judge. 
Meleḵim Aleph (1Kings) 19:5-8:
(5) And he lay and slept under a broom tree, and see, a messenger touched him, and said to him, “Rise, eat.”
(6) And he looked and saw by his head a cake baked on coals, and a jar of water. So he ate and drank, and turned and lay down.
(7) And the messenger of יהוה came back the second time, and touched him, and said, “Rise, eat, for the journey is too much for you.”
(8) And he rose up and ate and drank, and went in the strength of that food forty days and forty nights as far as Horĕb, the mountain of Elohim.
– The Messenger of Yahweh provides food for Eliyahu (Elijah) the Prophet so that he may live and journey to Horĕḇ(which is the same as Mount of Sinai). He is preparing Eliyahu for a spiritual journey and testing (40 is symbolic of testing), much in the same way that Mosheh was on the mount for 40 days and nights and Messiah was tested in the desert/wilderness for 40 days and nights.
So what is a summation of all these scripture verses?                                                                                                                                        
Characteristics of Messenger of Yahweh:
– He knows aspects of the future and is able to declare it
– He is the “mouthpiece” for Yahweh – Yahweh declares it to Him, and He is able to declare to whom He chooses
– He carries the same name as Yahweh and is seen in the same “light” as Yahweh
– He may be seen and the seer not perish, whereas the awesomeness of the Shekenah of Yahweh brings death to the seer.
– At times, He has an aura of light surrounding Him that appears like fire yet it does not consume (i.e. burning bush).
– To make a vow in the name of Yahweh is to also make a vow to the Messenger
– He is able to command and receives the same respect and obedience as Yahweh.
– We are to Hear His voice and obey and do!
– He acts a guarantor for the covenant, ensuring that what was written from the beginning came to be!
– He is a redeemer – Ya’aqov stated in his blessing to Yoseph that the Messenger redeemed Him from all evil
– He seeks justice and has great compassion/loving-kindness as in the case of Ya’aqov and Laban
– He appears as the “Column of Cloud by day and Column of Fire by Night” which led the children of Yisra’el out of Mitsrayim(Egypt). He provided light for those who followed Him, and darkness for those who stood against Him.
– He gives no pardon to those that rebel against Him.
– He delivered the children of Yisra’el from bondage in Mitsrayim.
– He stands in the way, acts as the “door,” and the narrowing path leads to Him!
– Like the burning bush, the ground where the messenger of Elohim stands is set
– His will is to bless those that listen to His voice and keep His Covenant, commands, and statutes. But as was spoken before crossing the Yarden, disobedience exacts the curses spoken in Devarim (Deuteronomy) 28:15-68.
– He appeared to Avraham, Yitsḥaq, Ya’aqov, Mosheh, Yehoshua, Bil’am, and Gideon.
– Provides wisdom at Terebinth trees (Mamrĕ, Ophrah).
– His appearance is “awesome” and His name is “wondrous.”
– He performs wondrous things.
– He is also known as the Commander of Host, Aleph-Tav, Melek Elohim, Yahweh Tzevaot.
        The Character of the Messenger of Yahweh makes me believe that He is not Micha’el, or Gavri’el, or Rapha’el, or Uzzi’el, but Yahushua/Yeshua the Messiah. He has been in it with His people/His Bride since creation as Yochanan/John so eloquently described in his gospel. It is comforting to know that He has been there since Beresheit, and not after the Brit Chadasha. I hope that I have provided enough evidence as to the Character of the Messenger of Yahweh that you may believe as well. As always I seek truth, and if it is not in my words, please feel free to correct me with scriptural evidence. May Yahweh bless and Keep You.
Shalom Aleichem!
Yedidiyah

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