The book of the genealogy of Yahushua Messiah, Son of Dawid, Son of Avraham:
Avraham brought forth Yitschaq, and Yitschaq brought forth Ya’aqov, and Ya’aqov brought forth Yehudah and his brothers. And Yehudah brought forth Perets and Zerach by Tamar, and Perets brought forth Chetsron, and Chetsron brought forth Ram. And Ram brought forth Amminadav, and Amminadav brought forth Nachshon, and Nachshon brought forth Salmon. And Salmon brought forth Bo’az by Rachav, and Bo’az brought forth Oved by Ruth, and Oved brought forth Yishai. And Yishai brought forth Dawid the sovereign, and Dawid the sovereign brought forth Shelomoh by Uriyah’s wife. And Shelomoh brought forth Rehab’am, and Rehab’am brought forth Aviyah, and Aviyah brought forth Asa. And Asa brought forth Yehoshaphat, and Yehoshaphat brought forth Yoram, and Yoram brought forth Uzziyah. And Uzziyah brought forth Yotham, and Yotham brought forth Achaz, and Achaz brought forth Chizqiyahu. And Chizqiyahu brought forth Menashsheh, and Menashsheh brought forth Amon, and Amon brought forth Yoshiyahu. And Yoshiyahu brought forth Yekhonyah and his brothers at the time of the exile to Bavel. And after the exile to Bavel, Yekhonyah brought forth She’alti’el, and She’alti’el brought forth Zerubbavel. And Zerubbavel brought forth Avihud, and Avihud brought forth Elyaqim, and Elyaqim brought forth Azor. And Azor brought forth Tsadoq, and Tsadoq brought forth Aqim, and Aqim brought forth Elihud. And Elihud brought forth El’azar, and El’azar brought forth Mattan, and Mattan brought forth Ya’aqov. And Ya’aqov brought forth Yoseph the husband of Miryam, of whom was born Yahushua who is called Messiah.
So all the generations from Avraham to Dawid were fourteen generations, and from Dawid until the exile to Bavel were fourteen generations, and from the exile to Bavel until the Messiah were fourteen generations.
The Genealogy of Yahushua through his mother Miryam:
And when Yahushua Himself began, He was about thirty years of age, being, as reckoned by law, son of Yoseph, of Eli, of Mattityahu, of Lewi, of Melekhi, of Yanah, of Yoseph, of Mattityahu, of Amots, of Nachum, of Chesli, of Nogah, of Ma’ath, of Mattithyahu, of Shim’i, of Yoseph, of Yehudah, of Yochanan, of Rephayah, of Zerubbavel, of She’alti’el, of Neri, of Melekhi, of Addi, of Qosam, of Elmodam, of Er, of Yehoshua, of Eli’ezer, of Yorim, of Mattityahu, of Lewi, of Shim’on, of Yehudah, of Yoseph, of Yonam, of Elyaqim, of Melea, of Menna, of Mattattah, of Nathan, of Dawid, of Yishai, of Oved, of Bo’az, of Salmon, of Nachshon, of Amminadav, of Ram, of Chetsron, of Perets, of Yehudah, of Ya’aqov, of Yitschaq, of Avraham, of Terach, of Nachor, of Serug, of Re’u, of Peleg, of Ever, of Shelach, of Qeynan, of Arpakhshad, of Shem, of Noach, of Lemekh, of Methushelach, of Chanokh, of Yered, of Mahalalel, of Qeynan, of Enosh, of Sheth, of Adam, of Elohiym.
And it came to be in those days that a decree went out from Caesar Augustus for all the world to be registered. This took place as a first registration while Quirinius was governing Syria. And all were going to be registered, each one to his own city.
And Yoseph also went up from Galil, out of the city of Natsareth to Yehudah, to the city of Dawid, which is called Beyth Lechem, because he was of the house and lineage of Dawid, to be registered with Miryam, who was engaged to him – being pregnant.
The Genealogy of the Messiah through Yoseph (Joseph) is found in the Gospel of Mattityahu (Matthew) 1:1-17. It was of great importance to establish the legitimacy of the Messiah’s lineage, linking him back to King David, Ya’aqov (Jacob), Yitschaq (Isaac), and Avraham (Abraham). Here we see Messiah as the “Son of Yoseph,” “Son of David,” and heir to the Seed of Promise in Avraham.
The Geneaology of Yahushua through Miryam is found in the Gospel of Luços (Luke) 3:23-38. This written account comes a little later in the journey of Messiah than in Matthew, specifically before His spiritual ministry begins. Here it is necessary to establish Yahushua’s lineage all the way to Adam, thus cementing the claim as “Son of Adam.” It also sets up the Melek-tzadek line (Melchizedek), as quoted in Tehellim (Psalms) 110:4: “Yahweh has sworn, and will not change his mind: “You are a Kohen forever in the order of Melek-Tzadek” and in the Book of Iv’rim (Hebrews) 5:6, 10; 6:20; 7:1,10,11,15,17, &21. Men of the scriptures believed to be in the Melek-tzadek line include Adam, Sheth (Seth), Enoch, Methuselah, Noach (Noah), Shem, Yitschaq (Issac), and Ya’aqov (Jacob).
Also note that:
(1) The genealogies are very similar, they differ in the son of David through which the parents are from – Miryam through Nathan & Yoseph through Shelomoh (Solomon);
(2) Many names repeat in the lineages, hence the reason why Zekaryah was asked why Yochanan the Immerser gained his name when no one else was named that;
(3) Yahushua was perfect in His generations, much like the account of Noach (Noah). What accounts for “perfection” in generations is multiples of 7, which is considered to be a number of completion and perfection. He was 28 generations from Avraham on His father’s side, 4 sets of 7, 2 sets of 7 before the Babylonian captivity and 2 sets of 7 after. He was 77 generations from Elohim on His mother’s side- accounting from Adam all the way to His birth 11 sets of 7.
(4) Names traditionally spelled in English with a ‘b’ are spelled with a ‘v’ in Hebrew-English transliterations. In Hebrew the letter beyt, which normally makes a stop ‘b’ sound when starting words, has a “spirant” form when in the middle or end of a word. It is considered a “soft” sound similar to ‘v (bh)’ in the word violin or oven. Hence the reason for Avraham rather than Abraham and Ya’aqov in stead of Ya’aqob (Jacob).
(5) In traditional King James Versions, there are discrepancies between the “Old Testament” names and the “New Testament” names in the genealogies – much time and effort was expended to correct those inadequacies to the best of our abilities.
The registration of the Hebrews by the Roman government, despite it being a legal act of the Roman empire, fulfilled a very important prophecy in scripture –
Mattityahu (Matthew) 2:17-18:
(17) Then that which was spoken by Yirmeyahu the prophet was fulfilled, saying,
(18) “A voice was heard in Ramah, Lamentation, weeping and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children; She wouldn’t be comforted, Because they are no more.”
– Rachel, wife of Ya’aqov (Jacob), died giving birth to Binyamin (Benjamin) and was buried there in Beyth Lechem (in Hebrew meaning “house of bread”). Beyth Lechem was also where King David was born, thus why Yoseph, a son of David, had to go to be registered with his family. King Herode sent men there to Beyth Lechem to slaughter all the male children, to slaughter the “would-be” king from the House of David, thus fulfilling the prophesy of Yirmeyahu (Jeremiah).
In the end, Yahushua, the perfect creation of Our Father had to have all things fulfilled in its proper time. From His birth to His death and resurrection, all was necessary in order to fill the words of Mosheh and the Prophets full of meaning and truth. All honor and esteem to Yahweh for His plan of creation, redemption and salvation. Shalom Aleichem.