Meleḵim Aleph (1st Kings) 13
King Shelomoh (Solomon) is guilty of committing one of the worst possible sins – serving other mighty ones in the face of Creator of Heaven and Earth. Several times in Scriptures it warns us about idolatry or spiritual adultery against our Elohim:
Shemoth (Exodus) 4:34 “For you do not bow yourselves to another mighty one, for Yahweh, whose Name is jealous, is a jealous Ĕl.”
Devarim (Deuteronomy) 5:6-7
(6) ‘I am Yahweh your Elohim, which brought you out of Mitsrayim, out of the house of bondage.
(7) You have no other mighty ones before My face.
Devarim (Deuteronomy) 8:19 “And it shall be, if you by any means forget Yahweh your Elohim, and follow other mighty ones, and serve them and bow yourself to them, I have warned you this day that you shall certainly perish.”
– He perpetuated this idolatry by building Alters for Ashtoreth (Ishtar, Isis, and Eôstre) of the Tsidonians and after Milcom of the Ammonites, and High Places for Chemosh of the Moabites and Molech of the Ammonites. Therefore Yahweh was enraged with Solomon/Shelomoh because his heart turned away from Him. So he decided to tear away his reign. He sent Ahiyah the prophet to give the Southern Kingdom/Israel (ten tribes of Israel including the 2 half tribes of Manasseh, Dan, Gad, Ephrayim, Reuben, Zebulun, Naphtali, Simeon, Issachar, Asher) toYarob’am/Jeroboam, son of Nebat of Ephrayim, a servant of Shelomoh: 1Kings 11:31 – “Take for yourself ten pieces, for thus said Yahweh, the Elohim of Yisra’ĕl, ‘See, I am tearing the reign out of the hand of Shelomoh and shall give ten tribes to you…” He allowed the Northern Kingdom/Judah (the tribe of Judah, Benjamin, and the Levites in Jerusalem) to go to Rehoboam son of Shelomoh, because He swore to David that his descendants would always sit on the throne in Jerusalem.
Beresheit (Genesis) 49:10 “The sceptre shall not turn aside from Yehudah, nor a Lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh comes, and to Him is the obedience of peoples.” – This applies to King David and his seed because he comes from the tribe of Yehudah/Judah.
Shemu’ĕl ב (Second Samuel) 7:16 “And your house and your reign are to be steadfast forever before you – your throne is established forever.”
Tehellim (Psalms) 89:3-4
(3) You said, “I have made a covenant with My chosen, I have sworn to My servant Dawid:
(4) ‘I establish your seed forever, And shall build up your throne to all generations.’
(13:1) And see, a man of Elohim went from Yehudah to Bĕyth Ěl by the word of יהוה, while Yarobʽam was standing by the altar to burn incense.
-In 1 Kings 13:1 we find a man of Elohim- ShemaYah (identified in Meleḵim א (Kings 1) 12:23, meaning “Yah has Heard”), a prophet, travelling to Bĕyth Ěl by the word of Yahweh to Yarob’am (Jeroboam). Bĕyth Ěl was the “capital” of the Southern Kingdom, and also the religious center where sacrifices and religious feast were held. Yarob’am hasn’t done much better than Shelomoh, in fact, he has done worse: He has dedicated the altar to 2 golden calves which he had cast, he changed most of the major feast days and dedicated them to their new mighty ones to avoid worship in Jerusalem, and chose priest of his own choosing rather than Levites.
(13:2) And he cried out against the altar by the word of יהוה, and said, “O altar, altar! Thus said יהוה, ‘See, a son is to be born to the house of Dawid, Yoshiyahu is his name. And on you he shall offer the priests of the high places who burn incense on you, and men’s bones be burned on you.’ ”
(13:3) And he gave a sign the same day, saying, “This is the sign which יהוה has spoken: See, the altar is split apart, and the ashes on it is poured out.”
-In Verse 2 & 3, ShemaYah curses/cries out against the false Altar and gives a dyer prophesy concerning it – That Yoshiyahu/Josiah of the House of David will come and offer up the false priest on this very same altar, and that it would be split apart and ashes would be poured out. This is a continual battle against mixed worship and the blatant worship of other mighty ones before Yahweh’s face. Other instances where this is stated:
Meleḵim ב (Kings 2) 11:18 & Divrei HaYamim ב (Chronicles 2) 23:17 And all the people of the land went to the house of Baʽal, and broke it down. They completely broke up its altars and images, and slew Mattan the priest of Baʽal before the altars.
Mishlĕ (Proverbs) 19:5 A false witness does not go unpunished, And he who breaths out lies does not escape.
Mishlĕ (Proverbs) 19:9 A false witness does not go unpunished, And he who breaths out lies perishes.
(13:4) And it came to be when Sovereign Yaroḇʽam heard the saying of the man of Elohim, who cried out against the altar in Bĕyth Ěl, that he stretched out his hand from the altar, saying, “Seize him!” Then his hand, which he stretched out toward him, dried up, so that he was unable to bring it back to him.
(13:5) And the altar was split apart, and the ashes poured out from the altar, according to the sign which the man of Elohim had given by the word of יהוה.
– In Verse 4 & 5, Yarob’am tries to have ShemaYah seized and his hand “dries/withers” up before his very eyes, and the altar is split just as was prophesized. A visible sign to him that no physical force can contend with the will of Elohim and no abominable thing is acceptable in the eyes of Yahweh. Also light and darkness cannot coexist, the “Armor of Yahweh/Elohim” protected him:
Eph’siyim (Ephesians) 6:11-18
(11) Put on the complete armour of Elohim, for you to have power to stand against the schemes of the devil.
(12) Because we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against authorities, against the world-rulers of the darkness of this age, against spiritual matters of wickedness in the heavenlies.
(13)Because of this, take up the complete armour of Elohim, so that you have the power to withstand in the wicked day, and having done all, to stand.
(14) Stand, then, having girded your waist with truth, and having put on the breastplate of righteousness,
(15) and having fitted your feet with the preparation of the Good News of peace;
(16) above all, having taken up the shield of belief with which you shall have power to quench all the burning arrows of the wicked one.
(17) Take also the helmet of deliverance, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of Elohim,
(18) praying at all times, with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, watching in all perseverance and supplication for all the set-apart ones…
– We, just as ShemaYah, need the mantle of Yahweh, the Prayer Shawl of Light, the Armor of Yahweh on at all time to protect us from spiritual and physical attack.
(13:6) And the sovereign answered and said to the man of Elohim, “Please appease the face of יהוה your Elohim, and pray for me, that my hand might be restored to me.” And the man of Elohim appeased the face of יהוה, and the sovereign’s hand was restored to him, and became as it was before.
-In Verse 6, Yarob’am entreats the prophet to pray to Yahweh to restore his hand, and it is done. Unlike Yarob’am, and despite our transgressions, our prayers can be heard because of the Blood of Messiah and because we give Yahweh his full esteem. Yet, because Yarob’am turned away from Yahweh, only the intervention of the prophet could restore his hands.
Yeshayahu (Isaiah) 42:8 “I am יהוה, that is My Name, and My esteem I do not give to another, nor My praise to idols.” – It is because ShemaYah calls upon the name of Yahweh that his prayer is answered, he listens and obeys Yah and gives him esteem.
Tehellim (Psalms) 9:10 “And those who know Your Name trust in You, For You have not forsaken those who seek You, O יהוה.”- Because of Shemayah’s devotion to Yahweh’s word and the trust in the Father, his prayer is accepted.
Tehellim (Psalms) 20:5 “We sing of Your deliverance, And in the Name of our Elohim we set up a banner! יהוה does fill all your requests!”- This one is pretty self explanatory
Timotiyos א (1Timothy) 1:15 “Trustworthy is the word and worthy of all acceptance, that Messiah Yahushua came into the world to save sinners, of whom I am foremost.” – Sha’ul, one of the greatest emissaries of Yahushua, admits that though Messiah Yahushua, we receive redemption from sin. By Praying in the Name of Yahushua, may our voices be heard by the Father.
(13:7) The sovereign then said to the man of Elohim, “Come home with me and refresh yourself, and I give you a gift.”
(13:8) But the man of Elohim said to the sovereign, “If you were to give me half your house, I do not go in with you, nor do I eat bread nor drink water in this place.
In Verse 7 & 8, Yarob’am wishes to bring the prophet home with him, to feed him and give him a gift. But ShemaYah says that even if he gave him “half of his house,” that he could not. In our western culture, this may seem like harmless thing or even a kind gesture on the part of Yarob’am. In those days and in Middle Eastern culture, to Eat and drink with a man was to come into covenant with him and acceptance of his hospitality and even the mighty one that he serves. ShemaYah could not do this, for he would deny his allegiance to Yahweh and ultimately, lead to his own death through disobedience before Elohim’s face. His role as prophet of Yahweh is defined in his very name – not only does it mean “heard by Yah,” it also reflects the very essence of the Shema found in Devarim 6:
Devarim (Deuteronomy) 6:4-5
(4)”Hear, O Yisra’ĕl: יהוה our Elohim, יהוה is one!
(5)”And you shall love יהוה your Elohim with all your heart, with all your being, with all you might.”
– ShemaYah, as prophet of Elohim, was to do all of Yahweh’s will with his whole mind, heart and being.
Mattityahu (Matthew) 6:24, Luços (Luke) 16:13 “No one is able to serve two masters, for either he shall hate the one and love the other, or else he shall cleave to the one and despise the other. You are not able to serve Elohim and mammon.”
Qorintiyim א (Corinthians 1) 8:6 “for us there is one Elohim, the Father, from whom all came and for whom we live, and one Master Yahushua, through whom all came and through whom all live.”
Qorintiyim א (Corinthians 1) 10:21 “You are not able to drink the cup of the Master and the cup of demons, you are not able to partake the table of the Master and of the table of demons.”
– ShemaYah could only choose to covenant with one! This makes his choice relatively easy, side with the Yahweh who has nourished and sustained him rather than a King who seeks council amongst idolaters and abominations before Yahweh’s face. Likewise, we have only one choice – Life in Yahushua Messiah, or death in the hands of the Adversary.
(13:9) “For so He commanded me by the word of יהוה, saying, ‘Do not eat bread, nor drink water, nor return by the same way you came.’ ”
(13:10) So he went another way and did not return by the way he came to Bĕyth Ěl.
-In Verse 9 & 10, we see exactly why ShemaYah couldn’t do those things in 7&8, he was following the commands he was given. Again, like it was said in 1 Corinthians 10:21, you cannot share in the table of Elohim and the table of HaSatan. Also as seen in 1Cor 11:29:
Qorintiyim א (Corinthians 1) 10:21 “You are not able to drink the cup of the Master and the cup of demons, you are not able to partake the table of the Master and of the table of demons.”
Qorintiyim א (Corinthians 1) 11:29 “For the one who is eating and drinking unworthily, eats and drinks judgement to himself, not discerning the body of the Master.”
(13:11) And a certain old prophet was dwelling in Bĕyth Ěl, and his sons came and told him all the works that the man of Elohim had done that day in Bĕyth Ěl, the words which he had spoken to the sovereign.
(13:12) And their father said to them, “Which way did he go?” And his sons had seen which way the man of Elohim went who came from Yehuḏah.
(13:13) And he said to his sons, “Saddle the donkey for me.” And they saddled the donkey for him, and he rode on it,
-In Verses 11 through 13, we are introduced to an old prophet who lived there, he wishes to meet ShemaYah, and travels by donkey to meet him. (Numbers 22:22-33: the story of the “prophet for profit” Ba’alim and his donkey)
Mishlĕ (Proverbs) 26:3 “A whip for a horse, a bridle for a donkey, And a rod for the fool’s back.”
As opposed to Zeḵaryah (Zechariah) 9:9 “Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Tsiyon! Shout, O daughter of Yerushalayim! See your Sovereign is coming to you, He is righteous and endowed with deliverance, humble and riding on a donkey, a colt, the foal of a donkey.”
(13:14) and went after the man of Elohim, and found him sitting under a terebinth. And he said to him, “Are you the man of Elohim who came from Yehudah?” And he said, “I am.”
– In Verse 14, the old prophet finds the man of Elohim sitting under a terebinth tree. Whenever the terebinth trees are mentioned in the Scriptures, the person traveling there is seeking teaching, guidance, or word from Yahweh, as opposed to pagan worship as seen in some biblical substitution of “oak tree”:
Beresheit (Genesis) 18:1 “And יהוה appeared to him by the terebinth trees of Mamrĕ, while he was sitting in the tent door in the heat of the day.” – This is following the circumcision of Avraham’s entire house, the relating of the coming conception of Yitschaq and the destruction of Sedom and Amorah (Sodom & Gomorrah). Also note that a feast was prepared with a tender calf, unleavened bread and wine – symbolic of covenant!
Shophetim (Judges) 6:11&19
(11) “And the Messenger of יהוה came and sat under the terebinth tree which was in Ophrah, which belonged to Yo’ash the Abiʽezerite, while his son Gidʽon threshed wheat in the winepress, to hide it from the eyes of the Midyanites.”
(19) “And Gidʽon went in, and prepared a young goat, and unleavened bread from an ĕphah of flour. The meat he put in a basket, and he put the broth in a pot. And he brought them out to Him, under the terebinth tree, and presented it.” – Again, we have the delivering of a message by a Messenger of Yahweh, informing Gidʽon(Gideon) of his upcoming victory against the Midyanites. Followed by the message is a feast prepared for the Messenger, a display of covenant between the two and the Elohim that they serve together.
(13:15) And he said to him, “Come home with me and eat bread.”
(13:16) And he said, “I am not able to return with you or to go in with you, nor am I to eat bread or drink water with you in this place.
– In Verse 15 & 16, as we have observed previously with Yarob’am, ShemaYah is invited to sup with the old prophet. And as observed previously, ShemaYah stands by the commands of Yahweh, to go home by a way different than he came and to eat and drink with no one for the entirety of the land is covered by Yarob’am’s sin.
(13:17) For word came to me by the word of יהוה, ‘Do not eat bread nor drink water there, nor return by going the way you came.’ ”
(13:18) And he said to him, “I too am a prophet like you, and a messenger spoke to me by the word of יהוה, saying, ‘Bring him back with you to your house, and let him eat bread and drink water.’ ” But he lied to him.
(13:19) So he turned back with him, and ate bread in his house, and drank water.
– Again as commented before, in Verses 17 – 19, one cannot serve two masters. The old prophet has sinned against Yahweh and ShemaYah speaking of a false vision in order to find out the mission of ShemaYah. Devarim 13 and 18 come to mind in this case:
Devarim (Deuteronomy) 13:4-5
(4) “Walk after יהוה your Elohim and fear Him, and guard His Commands and obey His voice, and serve Him and cling to Him.
(5) “And that prophet or that dreamer of dreams is put to death, because he has spoken apostasy against יהוה your Elohim – who brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim and redeemed you from the house of bondage – to make you stray from the way in which יהוה your Elohim commanded you to walk. Thus you shall purge the evil from you midst.”
Devarim(Deuteronomy) 18:20 “But the prophet who presumes to speak a word in My Name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or who speaks in the name of other mighty ones, even that prophet shall die.”
– The Old prophet was wrong to do the things that he did and the penalty, if discovered and brought before the face of Yahweh, is death! ShemaYah, besides the out-right disobedience unto Yahweh, believes the old prophet at his word – for how could another man of Elohim lead him astray!
(13:20) And it came to be, as they sat at the table, that the word of יהוה came to the prophet who had brought him back,
(13:21) and he cried out to the man of Elohim who came from Yehuḏah, saying, “Thus said יהוה, ‘Because you have rebelled against the mouth of יהוה, and have not guarded the command which יהוה your Elohim commanded you,
(13:22) and turned back, and ate bread, and drank water in the place of which He said to you, “Do not eat bread nor drink water,” your body shall not enter the burying-place of your fathers.’ ”
– In verses 20-22, Yahweh uses the old prophet to chastise ShemaYah because he did not listen to Him. The penalty for his disobedience is not only death (as we’ll see shortly) but dishonor as well – he would not be buried with his forefathers!
Shemu’ĕl א (1 Samuel) 2:6,25
(6) “יהוה puts to death and makes alive, He brings down to the grave and raises up.
(25) “If one man sins against another, Elohim shall judge him. But if a man sins against יהוה, who shall pray for him?…” – Yahweh alone has the righteous judgement to decide who lives and who dies, who receives the pit of fire and who receives eternal salvation.
Ezra 7:26 “And whoever does not do the law of you Elah and the law of the sovereign, let judgement be promptly executed on him, whether it be death, or banishment, or confiscation of goods, or imprisonment.”- This in my opinion is a pretty self explanatory passage with a varying array punishment dependent upon the ruling of the judge and the magnitude of the sin or crime.
– As used in the previous reference to Ba’alim, Yahweh can use anyone or anything to reach out to his people. It is kind of ironic that Yahweh would use the very same man that spoke falsely in his name. Hence the above references to Devarim 13 & 18, or collective known to warn against the false shepherd, false prophet, and false moshiach’s that walk this earth.
(13:23) And it came to be, after he had eaten bread and after he had drunk, that he saddled the donkey for him, for the prophet whom he had brought back.
(13:24) And he went, and a lion met him on the way and killed him. And his body was thrown on the way. And the donkey was standing by it, and the lion was standing by the body.
– This was the fulfillment of Yahweh’s prophesy concerning ShemaYah, the means of his death seems gruesome but it has prefaced elsewhere in the scriptures:
Hoshea (Hosea) 5:14 “For I am like a lion to Ephrayim, and like a young lion to the house of Yehudah. I Myself tear them and go, I take them away, and there is no one to deliver.”
– Yahweh is the almighty judge – he chooses who will be redeemed, who will be chastised, and who will be destroyed in the “lake of fire.”
Tehellim (Psalms) 7:2-5
(2) Lest they tear at my throat like a lion, Rending in pieces, with no one to deliver.
(3) O יהוה my Elohim, if I have done this: If there is unrighteousness in my hands
(4) If I have done evil to him who was at peace with me, Or have plundered my enemy without cause,
(5) Let the enemy pursue me and overtake my being, And trample my life to the ground, And lay my esteem in the dust. Selah
(13:25) And see, men were passing by and saw the body thrown on the way, while the lion was standing by the body. And they went and reported it in the city where the old prophet dwelt.
(13:26) And the prophet who had brought him back from the way heard it, and said, “It is the man of Elohim who rebelled against the mouth of יהוה, and יהוה gave him to the lion, and it tore him apart and killed him, according to the word of יהוה which He spoke to him.”
– Verse 25 &26 reveal the scene of ShemaYah dead on the “way” to the city and the report by travelers of a dead man surrounded by a donkey and a lion. It is interesting that a lion stood by him – he came from Yehudah. The word rebelled comes from H4784 “mârâh” מָרָה which means “to be contentious, be rebellious, be refractory, be disobedient towards, be rebellious against, or be filthy.” Classic examples:
Bemidḇar (Numbers) 20:24 “Aharon is to be gathered to his people, for he is not to enter the land which I have given to the children of Yisra’ĕl, because you rebelled against My mouth at the water of Meribah.” – The accounting of the fate of Aharon for his disobedience/rebelliousness at the waters of contention or strife that is Meribah. He died on Mount Hor and was not to enter into the promise land all because he did not do the express will of the father and listen to the will of the flesh.
Yehoshua (Joshua) 1:18 “Whoever rebels against your command and does not obey your words, in all that you command him, is put to death. Only be strong and courageous.” – Again, we see that the penalty for rebellion against Yahweh is death. The penalty for a lifetime of sin without repentance is also death and removal from Yahweh’s promise both physical (“the Promise Land”) and spiritual (everlasting life with Yahweh).
Tehellim (Psalms) 78:8 “And not be like their fathers, A stubborn and rebellious generation, A generation which did not prepare its heart, Whose spirit was not steadfast to Ěl.” – We, as followers of Yahweh and his son Yahushua Messiah should have a circumcised heart that is prepared for his return. Messiah is to dwell within our innermost parts and guide our lives if we only turn our life over to him. That is the only way that we can love the Torah of Yahweh and understand it.
Eph’siyim (Ephesians) 2:1-3
(1) “And you were dead in trespasses and sins,
(2) “in which you once walked according to the course of this world, according to the ruler of the authority of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience(G543 “apeitheia” which is equal to H4784 “mârâh“),
(3) “among whom also we all once lived in the lusts of our flesh, doing the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, as also the rest.”
– This is a description of all of our lives before coming to Truth in Yahushua our Messiah. We all ordered our lives in accordance with the norms of the world. It was not meant to be that way, we are to be Kodesh/ “set-apart” unto Yahweh, not the world! Praise Yahweh for removing the blindness from our eyes so we may live a life pleasing to Him. He chose us! Think about that for one minute! We are to set-apart for the express reason that He chose us, none other, and we are to love Him and obey Him and follow Him in “spirit and truth.” Yochanan (John) 4:23-24: (23) ” But the hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and truth, for the Father also does seek such to worship Him. (24) “Elohim is Spirit, and those who worship Him need to worship in spirit and truth.”
(13:27) And he spoke to his sons, saying, “Saddle the donkey for me.” And they saddled it.
(13:28) So he went and found his body thrown on the way, and the donkey and the lion standing by the body. The lion had not eaten the body nor mauled the donkey.
– This shows us that despite the death of ShemaYah, he still has a purpose: to show the old prophet that everything done by the will of the Father has a purpose to an exact end. Could the Lion have devoured ShemaYah and the donkey? I believe the answer is “most definitely,” and yet it was not done because it was not in Yah’s most perfect plan for it to be done. For who was it that set things in motion and gave the animals their instincts, was it not He. He commanded the Lion to stand guard as physical and metaphorical symbol before the people – the lion as a symbol of Royalty, majesty, and Yehudah, and the donkey as the humble, faithful servant. All of this wrapped together and we see a picture of Our Messiah Yahushua who comes as prophet, suffering servant/Kohen, and King! This also, for the old prophet, brings thoughts of 2 scriptures/witnesses:
Tehellim (Psalms) 36:1-3
(1) “Transgression speaks to the wrong within his heart; Fear of Elohim is not before his eyes.
(2) “For he flatters himself in his own eyes, To find his crookedness to be hated.
(3) “The words of his mouth are wickedness and deceit; He has ceased to be wise, to do good.”
-Because of his desire to mislead ShemaYah, the old prophet lied to him, and inadvertently, helps to cause his death. If he maintained his “fear” of Yahweh, he would not have mislead ShemaYah. He could have accompanied him on his journey by another way, but ultimately, this was not the case.
Tehellim (Psalms) 51:3 “For I know my transgressions, And my sin is before me.”
– The Old Prophet’s sin was literally before His face. To see ShemaYah dead next to the Lion and donkey must have rekindled the fear of Yahweh in him. But it is also a great lesson to us as Believers of Yahweh and confessors of Yahushua Messiah, we must not rest on our laurels or lead anyone else astray for our sin will be before our eyes.
(13:29) And the prophet lifted up the body of the man of Elohim, and placed it on the donkey, and brought it back. And the old prophet came to the city to mourn, and to bury him,
– Interesting notes in the Hebrew: the phrase “the prophet” is H853 “eyth“(תא); the Aleph/Tav is usually placed to point us to Messiah. As demonstrated in the previous 2 verses, we have a picture of Messiah before us: the Lion and the donkey. So the man of Elohim is taking ShemaYah up on the donkey to bury him, similar to what Yahushua did for us: took up the old man and made us anew in Him.
Zeḵaryah (Zechariah) 9:9 “Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Tsiyon! Shout, O daughter of Yerushalayim! See, your Sovereign is coming to you, He is righteous and endowed with deliverance, humble and riding on a donkey, a colt, the foal of a donkey1. Footnote: 1Mt. 21:5, John 12:15.
Yochanan (John) 12:15 “Do not fear, daughter of Tsiyon, see, your Sovereign is coming, sitting on the colt of a donkey.”
Romiyim (Romans) 6:4-6
(4) We were therefore buried with Him through immersion into death, that as Messiah was raised from the dead by the esteem of the Father, so also we should walk in newness of life.
(5) For if we have come to be grown together in the likeness of His death, we shall be also of the resurrection,
(6) knowing this, that our old man was impaled with Him, so that the body of sin might be rendered powerless, to serve sin no longer.
Eph’siyim (Ephesians) 4:21-24
(21) if indeed you have heard Him and were taught by Him, as truth is in יהושע
(22) that you put off – with regard to your former way of life – the old man, being corrupted according to the desires of the deceit,
(23) and to be renewed in the spirit of your mind,
(24) and that you put on the renewed man1 which was created according to Elohim, in righteousness and set-apartness of the truth. Footnote: 1Rom. 8:1.
– This is the new man that is created when we truly accept Yahushua Ha’Moshiach as our messiah, the new man is created – one gifted with the promise of everlasting life, citizen of Yisra’ĕl, partaker in the covenant of Avraham, and one who has the Torah of Almighty Yah written in their inward parts. Rather than the old man: consumed in lawlessness, iniquity, and unrighteousness; whose only recourse in life is death with no promise of eternity.
(13:30) and he placed his body in his own tomb. And they lamented over him, saying, “Oh, my brother!”
– I wanted to draw out the full body reaction that was lamenting to our Hebrew forefathers: H5594 סָפַד “sâphad” means to tear the hair and beat the breasts; generally to lament; by implication to wail or mourn. Examples:
Beresheit (Genesis) 50:10 “And they came to the threshing-floor of Atad, which is beyond the Yardĕn, and they lamented there with a great and very heavy lamentation. And he observed seven days of mourning for his father.”
– This is recording of the Lamentations of Yosĕph and the children of Yisra’ĕl at the death of Ya’aqov. They mourned for 7 days which is unbelievable, I can imagine that they must have been emotionally spent by the time Ya’aqov was finally buried in the cave of the field of Maḵpĕlah.
Shemu’ĕl ב (Second Samuel) 1:11-12
(11) And Dawid took hold of his own garments and tore them, and also all the men who were with him.
(12) And they mourned and wept and fasted until evening for Sha’ul and for Yehonathan his son, and for the people of יהוה and for the house of Yisra’ĕl, because they had fallen by the sword.
– This is recording of the actions of King David upon the death of the former King Sha’ul (Saul) and his son Yehonathan (Jonathan). David tore/rent his garments, wept, fasted, and mourned his brothers.
(13:31) And it came to be, after he had buried him, that he spoke to his sons, saying, “When I am dead, then you shall bury me in the tomb where the man of Elohim is buried. Lay my bones beside his bones.
– The old prophet, after his mourning of ShemaYah, requested of his sons to be placed next to ShemaYah. Shemayah’s blood was on the old prophet’s head, he had taken away Yahweh’s esteem upon him and because of this, would be laid next to ShemaYah, for he no longer had Yah’s esteem either. Their lives had become echad – joined or united by the same purpose, and there bones would rest together: Tehellim (Psalms) 38:3 – “There is no soundness in my flesh because of Your rage, Nor peace in my bones because of my sin”
(13:32) “For the word which he cried out, by the word of יהוה, against the altar in Bĕyth Ěl, and against all the houses of the high places which are in the cities of Shomeron, shall certainly come to be.”
– And Yoshiyahu/Josiah did exactly what ShemaYah prophesized: 2Ki 23:15-20 & 2Ch 34:33
Meleḵim ב ( Kings 2) 23:15-20:
(15) And also the altar that was at Bĕyth Ěl, and the high place which Yarob’am son of Neḇat made, by which he made Yisra’ĕl sin, both that altar and the high place he broke down. And he burned the high place and ground it to dust, and burned the Ashĕrah.
(16) Then Yoshiyahu turned, and saw the tombs that were there on the mountain. And he sent and took the bones out of the tombs and burned them on the altar, and defiled it according to the word of יהוה which the man of Elohim proclaimed, who proclaimed these words.
(17) And he said, “What tombstone is this that I see?” And the men of the city said to him, “It is the tomb of the man of Elohim who came from Yehuḏah and proclaimed these matters which you have done against the altar of Bĕyth Ěl.”
(18) And he said, “Let him alone, let no one move his bones.” So they left his bones alone, with the bones of the prophet who came from Shomeron (Samaria).
(19) And Yoshiyahu also took away all the house of the high places that were in the cities of Shomeron, which the sovereigns of Yisra’ĕl had made to provoke. And he did to them according to all the deeds he did in Bĕyth Ěl.
(20) And he slaughtered all the priests of the high places who were there, on the altars, and burned men’s bones on them, and went back to Yerushalayim.
Divrei HaYamim ב (2 Chronicles) 34:33 And Yoshiyahu removed all the abominations from all the lands that belonged to the children of Yisra’ĕl, and made all who were present in Yisra’ĕl diligently serve יהוה their Elohim. All his days they did not turn away from following יהוה Elohim of their fathers.
(13:33) After this event Yarobʽam did not turn from his evil way, but again he made priests from all sorts of people for the high places. Whoever wished, he ordained, to become one of the priests of the high places.
(13:34) And this matter was the sin of the house of Yarobʽam, even to cut it off and destroy it from the face of the earth.
– First thought is to the phrase “turn from” = Shuḇ H7725
שׁוּב shûwb, shoob; a primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point);
Yonah (Jonah) 3:8 “But let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and call mightily to Elohim. And let each one turn from his evil way and from the violence that is in his hands. “
– Yonah preached this message to the people of Ninewĕh/Nineveh to shuḇ from there evil path and return unto Yahweh (Teshuva). Unlike the people, some of the dispersed of the tribes of Yisra’ĕl, Yarobʽam did not shuḇ or teshuḇa, he continued his blasphemy further making priest of his choosing and not Levites as ordained by Yahweh. As we witnessed in 2 Kings, this will be remedied.
(6) “And I shall make Shomeron a heap in the field, places for planting a vineyard. And I shall pour down her stones into the valley, and uncover her foundations.
(7) “And all her carved images shall be beaten in pieces, and all her gifts be burned with the fire. And all her idols I shall lay waste, for she gathered it from the hire of a whore, and they shall return to the hire of a whore.”
– Much as in the times of Yarob’am, and in the days to come, if the warnings of the prophets, the judgements, and the testimony are not heeded, this is the course which the world and its dogmas are on. Heed the shock and don’t ignore nor forget it, for tie ourselves to the whore of mystery Babylon will render nothing but death. Remember we are to be set-apart as the Master Yahushua Ha’Moshiach was set-apart, and because Almighty Yahweh chose us to be set-apart because he called us Kodesh= Set-apart. The rest of the world is not and unless they are excused from their transgressions through the ignorance inherited through their fathers (Yirmeyahu 16:19), fiery judgement awaits! The way of the whore is death, the way of the righteous is life.
– Second thought concerns the word “way” = H1869 “Derek”
דֶּרֶךְ derek, deh’-rek; from H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively, a course of life or mode of action, often adverb:—along, away, because of, by, conversation, custom, (east-) ward, journey, manner, passenger, through, toward, (high-) (path-) way(-side), whither(-soever).
Devarim (Deuteronomy) 5:32-33
(32) “And you shall guard to do as יהוה your Elohim has commanded you – do not turn aside, to the right or to the left.
(33) “Walk in all the way which יהוה your Elohim has commanded you, so that you live and it be well with you. And you shall prolong your days in the land which you possess.
– We are to walk in ways of Yahweh our Elohim. It is clearly laid out before us and we have had the perfect example in how to do it: Yahushua our Messiah. Yarob’am knew better, he was warned of his transgression by ShemaYah, and still he returned to his wicked ways.
Devarim (Deuteronomy) 8:6 “Therefore you shall guard the commands of יהוה your Elohim, to walk in His ways and to fear Him.” – Again we are given a clear message = Flow me, guard my commands and statutes, walk in my ways and fear Me, and I will bless you; follow me not and I will cut you off from among your people.
Tehellim (Psalms) 25:4 “Show me Your ways, O יהוה, Teach me Your paths.”
– Third thought = another blasphemy before Yahweh was the choosing of priest to serve other the Levites:
Shemoth (Exodus) 40:15 “…And their anointing shall be for them an everlasting priesthood throughout their generations.”
Devarim (Deuteronomy) 33:8-11
(8) And of Lĕwi he said, “Your Tummim and Your Urim belong to Your kind one, whom You tried at Massah, with whom You contended at the waters of Meriḇah,
(9) who said of his father and mother, ‘I have not seen them.’ And he did not acknowledge his brothers, or know his own children, for they have guarded Your Word and watched over Your covenant.
(10) “They teach Your right-rulings to Yaʽaqoḇ, and Your Torah to Yisra’ĕl. They put incense before You, and a complete burnt offering on Your altar.
(11) “O יהוה, bless his strength, and accept the work of his hands. Smite the loins of those who rise against him, and of those who hate him, that they rise no more.”
– The Levites were meant to serve the tabernacle of Yahweh forever as an everlasting covenant, and the sons of Aharon to be an everlasting priesthood unto Him. That was chosen by Yahweh, not man, and Yahweh did not cede that right to man because he claimed all of Levi for Himself!
Yarob’am had many opportunities to “teshuva”, to repent and return unto the righteous path of Yahweh. He was so corrupted with power, envy, deceit that he chose to create a new religion, rather than submit to Yerushalayim. Yahweh does not accept mixed worship or His people removing His esteem. This should represent a real danger to all of us, repent and follow the path of Truth, do not fall victim to “religion and dogmas of lies.” When Yahweh commands you to do anything, like an oath, you are to walk out that command until it is done (example: Yonah, ShemaYah, Shelomoh); we are not to veer left or right, but stay straight. May Yahweh Bless you and Keep you, May His Face Shine upon you, May He lift up his Countenance and Show you loving-kindness, May he bless you with Shalom.