Salt – An Everlasting Covenant

Salt_Farmers Wayikra/Vayikra (Leviticus) 2:13: And season with salt every offering of your grain offering, and do not allow the salt of the covenant of your Elohim to be lacking from your grain offering. With all your offerings you bring salt.

Foreword:

Salt, a vital component to virtually all the world’s cuisine, was not always a substance for food flavoring. In ancient times, salt served as a form of currency, commerce and trade, and symbol of wealth and prosperity. The word “salary,” according to excerpts from the ancient Roman Historian Pliny the Elder, may have been derived from the practice of paying soldiers in the Roman army with salt or rations of gold for the purchase of salt.¹ Salt was a symbol of hospitality amongst families of the Middle East – “a bond of ‘bread and salt’ is created between them and he becomes honor-bound to offer protection to his host at a later date.”² It was a symbol of trust and loyalty, allowing for the phrases “salt between us” and “we shared salt.”
The focus of this study of salt is the biblical symbolism, meaning, and impact for our spiritual walk!

Symbolism:

Salt, in biblical times, was a symbol of purity/purification and healing, constancy (Salt covenant), loyalty, and honesty:
Healing –
Melekim ב (2nd Kings) 2:20-21:
(20) And he said, “Bring me a new bowl, and put salt in it.” And they brought it to him
(21) And he went out to the source of the water, and threw salt in there, and said, “Thus said יהוה, I have healed this water – no longer shall death or barrenness come from it.”
Purity/Purification – 
Shemoth (Exodus) 30:34-35:
(34) Elohim said to Mosheh, “Take to yourself sweet spices, gum resin, and onycha, and galbanum; sweet spices with pure frankincense: of each shall there be an equal weight; 
(35) and you shall make incense of it, a perfume after the art of the perfumer, seasoned with salt, pure and holy…
Yechezq’el (Ezekiel) 16:4: “As for your birth, on the day you were born your naval cord was not cut, nor were you washed in water for cleansing, and you were not rubbed with salt at all, nor wrapped in cloth at all.”
Loyalty/Honesty –
Ezra 4:14: Now, because we have eaten salt from the palace, it was not fitting for us to see the sovereign’s shame. Therefore we have sent and informed the sovereign… – Here is an example where the sharing of salt imparts honesty, integrity, and mutual respect between the partakers. Because Ezra, Nehemiah and the rest who were to rebuild Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) shared salt with the sovereign, they could not revel in the shame of the one who held them captive – they  partook in his hospitality and trust
It also became a reminder to all those who sought to go against Our Father’s eternal plan, love and compassion. Whether it is the pillar of salt that was Lot’s wife, the ashes of Sodom and Gomorrah, or the ruination of conquered lands, salt stood as a continual symbol to all of the price of transgression and disloyalty to the King of Kings – Yahweh Our Elohim!
Pillar of Salt –
Beresheit (Genesis) 19:17,26:
(17) It came to pass, when they had taken them out, that he said, “Escape for your life! Don’t look behind you, neither stay anywhere in the plain. Escape to the mountain, lest you be consumed!” 
(26) But his wife looked back from behind him, and she became a pillar of salt.
Sodom and Gomorrah – 
Devarim (Deuteronomy) 29:23: ‘All its land is sulphur, salt, and burning; it is sown, nor does it bear, nor does any grass grow there, like the overthrow of Sedom and Amorah, Admah and Tseboyim, which יהוה overthrew in His displeasure and His wrath.’
Ruin –
Shophtim (Judges) 9:45: And Abimelek fought against the city all that day, and captured the city and slew the people who were in it. And he broke down the city and sowed it with salt
Tehellim (Psalms) 107:33-34:
(33) He turns rivers into a desert, Water springs into a thirsty ground, 
(34) And a fruitful land into a salt waste, For the wickedness of those who dwell in it.
Yirmeyahu (Jeremiah) 17:6: For he shall be like the heath in the desert, and shall not see when good comes, but shall inhabit the parched places in the wilderness, a salt land and not inhabited.

Salt Covenant – An Everlasting Covenant

Yahweh our Elohim chose salt, an object for seasoning and symbol of purity, loyalty, healing and constancy, as the seal for His everlasting covenants. In Hebrew, the “melach beriyt” or “salt covenant” represented the most firm and binding covenant between Elohim and man, one of everlasting implication because Yahweh never dies. There will always be a living member of His covenant – Yahweh and the offspring of the covenanter (hence the phrase “throughout your generations” or “for all generations”).
 Wayikra/Vayikra (Leviticus) 2:13: And season with salt every offering of your grain offering, and do not allow the salt of the covenant of your Elohim to be lacking from your grain offering. With all your offerings you bring salt. 
– Here the minchah offerings (H4503 min·khä), which in general are translated as “offerings” but specifically refer to offerings of grain or meat, where to be offered with salt. They, like the previously mentioned “bread-salt” covenants, represented honesty, loyalty, respect and honor for the 2 parties involved. It was also a way of purifying and sanctifying the offering before Yahweh. It cemented the offering as one that should be done for all generations.  
Bemidbar (Numbers) 18:19: “All the contributions of the set-apart gifts, which the children of Yisra’el present to  יהוה, I have given to you and your sons and daughters with you as a law forever. It is a covenant of salt forever before יהוה with you and your seed with you.”
– As we reasoned in the previous scripture verse, all the offerings to Elohim must be offered with salt. In this instance, it is the “terumah offerings” (H8641 ter·ü·mä), translated as “heave” or “wave” offerings, that were the Levites’ portion from the offerings made unto Yahweh. It serve as payment for the service to the tabernacle, as redemption price for the first-born children of Yisra’el, and as recompense for the Levites who have no inheritance in Yisra’el. The Levites bore the burden of the sins and transgressions of the Children of Yisra’el, and so the provision for their food was made by Yahweh through the offerings and tithes for all time. Thus sanctifying the priesthood for an everlasting covenant as well as its provisions.
Yechezq’el (Ezekiel) 43:24: ‘And you shall bring them before יהוה , and the priest shall throw salt on them and offer them up as a burnt offering to יהוה.
– Following the same theme of salted covenantal offerings, Ezekiel speaks of the “chatta’at offerings(H2403 khat·tä·ä), translated as “sin offerings,” and the “olah offerings(H5930 ō·lä’ ), translated as “burnt offerings.” Bulls and goats were offered sin offerings for the Children of Yisra’el, salted, portioned, and burned. They were set forth as an everlasting covenant.
Ezra 6:9, 7:22:
(6:9) And whatever they need – both young bulls and rams, and lambs for the burnt offerings of the Elah of heaven, wheat, salt, wine and oil, according to the request of the priests who are in Yerushalayim – let it be given them day by day without fail…
(7:22) … up to one hundred talents of silver, and up to one hundred kors of wheat, and up to one hundred baths of wine, and up to one hundred baths of oil, and salt without measure.
– These scripture passages from the Book of Ezra, relate to us the needs of the people to reinstitute the practices of the Temple in Yerushalayim. Amongst those things promised Ezra by the sovereign, was salt without measure, so that there offerings may be sanctified and accepted before Yahweh.
Divre HaYamim ב (2nd Chronicles) 13:5: “Do you know that יהוה  Elohim of Yisra’el has given the reign over Yisra’el to David forever, to him and his sons, by a covenant of salt?”
– The final salt covenant entry is that of David’s Kingship. A covenant of salt was made between David, his sons, and Yahweh to fulfill the blessings of Ya’aqov (Jacob) –
  Beresheit (Genesis) 49:10: The sceptre shall not depart from Yehudah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be. 
The double portion, priesthood, and kingship was divided by Ya’aqov amongst the tribes of Yoseph (Joseph – Menashsheh and Ephrayim), Levi, and Yehudah (Judah). It would not be united again unto the coming of Shiloh, which is the same as Moshiach (Messiah). In Yahushua all would become one – Priest, Prophet, and King. 

Impact on Your Spiritual Walk:

 You, yes you the reader/believer, are the last living “temple” of Yahweh. There is no physical temple in Yerushalayim, no actively serving priesthood (Except for Yahushua in the Heavenly tabernacle – Kohen HaGadol), and thus there are no Earthly sacrifices available to be performed (for sin and defilement). Yahushua, being the ultimate sacrifice for us all, fulfilled the role of Sin sacrifice for His bride. You, are to offer yourself as a daily, living, spiritual sacrifice unto Yahweh and that He cannot despise –
 Tehellim (Psalms) 51:17: The sacrifices of Yahweh are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O Elohim, You will not despise.
Just like the everlasting covenantal sacrifices, you too are to be a spiritual sacrifice, offered with salt – a pure and set-apart offering unto Yahweh. It must flavor your words, your walk, your being, your mind, and your heart in ordered to be truly acceptable to Our Loving Father:
Mattiyahu (Matthew) 5:13: You are the salt of the earth, but if the salt becomes tasteless, how shall it be seasoned? For it is no longer any use but to be thrown out and to be trodden down by men.
Marços (Mark) 9:49-50:
(49) “For everyone shall be seasoned with fire, and every offering shall be seasoned with salt.”
(50) “Salt is good, but if the salt becomes tasteless, how shall you season it? Have salt in yourselves, and be at peace amongst one another.”
Luços (Luke) 14:34: “The salt is good, but if the salt becomes tasteless, with what shall it be seasoned?
Qolasim (Colossians) 4:6: Let your word always be with favour, seasoned with salt, so that you know how you ought to answer each one.

Conclusion:

 My Brothers and Sisters I pray that this study into the meaning and symbolism of the Salt Covenant, and salt in general, has been challenging to you and helpful in your spiritual walk. I also pray that you season your thoughts and words with salt, and be found acceptable before Yahweh our Elohim. Many Blessings to you and yours.
Shalom Aleichem!
 
References:
  1. Plinius Naturalis Historia XII. http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/L/Roman/Texts/Pliny_the_Elder/31*.html
  2. Manners in the Middle East. https://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/196502/manners.in.the.middle.east.htm