1st Maccabees – Chapters 9-12

Maccabees picChapter 9

1 Furthermore, when Demetrius heard the Nicanor and his host were slain in battle, he sent Bacchides and Alcimus into the land of Yehudah the second time, and with them the chief strength of his host:
2 Who went forth by the way that leads to Gilgal, and pitched their tents before Masaloth, which is in Arbela, and after they had won it, they slew much people.
3 Also the first month of the hundred fifty and second year they encamped before Yerushalayim:
4 From whence they removed, and went to Berea, with twenty thousand footmen and two thousand horsemen.
5 Now Yehudah had pitched his tents at Ele’sah, and three thousand chosen men with him:
6 Who seeing the multitude of the other army to he so great were sore afraid; whereupon many conveyed themselves out of the host, insomuch as abode of them no more but eight hundred men.
7 When Yehudah therefore saw that his host slipped away, and that the battle pressed upon him, he was sore troubled in mind, and much distressed, for that he had no time to gather them together.
8 Nevertheless unto them that remained he said, Let us arise and go up against our enemies, if peradventure we may be able to fight with them.
9 But they exhorted him, saying, We shall never be able: let us now rather save our lives, and hereafter we will return with our brethren, and fight against them: for we are but few.
10 Then Yehudah said, Yahweh forbid that I should do this thing, and flee away from them: if our time be come, let us die manfully for our brethren, and let us not stain our honor.
11 With that the host of Bacchides removed out of their tents, and stood over against them, their horsemen being divided into two troops, and their slingers and archers going before the host and they that marched in the forward were all mighty men.
12 As for Bacchides, he was in the right wing: so the host drew near on the two parts, and sounded their trumpets.
13 They also of Yehudah’s side, even they sounded their trumpets also, so that the earth shook at the noise of the armies, and the battle continued from morning till night.
14 Now when Yehudah perceived that Bacchides and the strength of his army were on the right side, he took with him all the hardy men,
15 Who discomfited the right wing, and pursued them unto the mount Azotus.
16 But when they of the left wing saw that they of the right wing were discomfited, they followed upon Yehudah and those that were with him hard at the heels from behind:
17 Whereupon there was a sore battle, insomuch as many were slain on both parts.
18 Yehudah also was killed, and the remnant fled.
19 Then Yehonathan and Shim’on took Yehudah their brother, and buried him in the sepulchre of his fathers in Modin.
20 Moreover they mourned him, and all Yisra’el made great lamentation for him, and mourned many days, saying,
21 How is the valiant man fallen, that delivered Yisra’el!
22 As for the other things concerning Yehudah and his wars, and the noble acts which he did, and his greatness, they are not written: for they were very many.
23 Now after the death of Yehudah the wicked began to put forth their heads in all the coasts of Yisra’el, and there arose up all such as wrought iniquity.
24 In those days also was there a very great famine, by reason whereof the country revolted, and went with them.
25 Then Bacchides chose the wicked men, and made them rulers of the country.
26 And they made enquiry and search for Yehudah’s friends, and brought them unto Bacchides, who took vengeance of them, and used them despitefully.
27 So was there a great affliction in Yisra’el, the like whereof was not since the time that a prophet was not seen among them.
28 For this cause all Yehudah’s friends came together, and said unto Yehonathan,
29 Since your brother Yehudah died, we have no man like him to go forth against our enemies, and Bacchides, and against them of our nation that are adversaries to us.
30 Now therefore we have chosen thee this day to be our prince and captain in his stead, that you may fight our battles.
31 Upon this Yehonathan took the governance upon him at that time, and rose up instead of his brother Yehudah.
32 But when Bacchides gat knowledge thereof, he sought for to slay him
33 Then Yehonathan, and Shim’on his brother, and all that were with him, perceiving that, fled into the wilderness of Tekoah, and pitched their tents by the water of the pool Asphar.
34 Which when Bacchides understood, he came near to the Yarden with all his host upon the Shabbat day.
35 Now Yehonathan had sent his brother Yochanan, a captain of the people, to pray his friends the Nabathites, that they might leave with them their carriage, which was much.
36 But the children of Yambri came out of Medeba, and took Yochanan, and all that he had, and went their way with it.
37 After this came word to Yehonathan and Shim’on his brother, that the children of Yambri made a great marriage, and were bringing the bride from Medeba with a great train, as being the daughter of one of the great princes of Kena’an.
38 Therefore they remembered Yochanan their brother, and went up, and hid themselves under the covert of the mountain:
39 Where they lifted up their eyes, and looked, and, behold, there was much ado and great carriage: and the bridegroom came forth, and his friends and brethren, to meet them with drums, and instruments of music, and many weapons.
40 Then Yehonathan and they that were with him rose up against them from the place where they lay in ambush, and made a slaughter of them in such sort, as many fell down dead, and the remnant fled into the mountain, and they took all their spoils.
41 Thus was the marriage turned into mourning, and the noise of their melody into lamentation.
42 So when they had avenged fully the blood of their brother, they turned again to the marsh of the Yarden.
43 Now when Bacchides heard hereof, he came on the Shabbat day (Sabbath) unto the banks of the Yarden with a great power.
44 Then Yehonathan said to his company, Let us go up now and fight for our lives, for it stands not with us to day, as in time past:
45 For, behold, the battle is before us and behind us, and the water of the Yarden on this side and that side, the marsh likewise and wood, neither is there place for us to turn aside.
46 Wherefore cry now unto heaven, that you may be delivered from the hand of your enemies.
47 With that they joined battle, and Yehonathan stretched forth his hand to smite Bacchides, but he turned back from him.
48 Then Yehonathan and they that were with him leapt into the Yarden, and swam over unto the other bank: howbeit the other passed not over the Yarden unto them.
49 So there were slain of Bacchides’ side that day about a thousand men.
50 Afterward returned Bacchides to Jerusalem and repaired the strong cites in Yehudah; the fort in Yericho, and Emmaus, and Beyth Choron, and Beyth-el, and Thamnathah-Pharathoni, and Beyth Tappuah, these did he strengthen with high walls, with gates and with bars.
51 And in them he set a garrison, that they might work malice upon Yisra’el.
52 He fortified also the city Beyth Surah, and Gazerah, and the tower, and put forces in them, and provision of victuals.
53 Besides, he took the chief men’s sons in the country for hostages, and put them into the tower at Yerushalayim to be kept.
54 Moreover in the hundred fifty and third year, in the second month, Alcimus commanded that the wall of the inner court of the sanctuary should be pulled down; he pulled down also the works of the prophets
55 And as he began to pull down, even at that time was Alcimus plagued, and his enterprises hindered: for his mouth was stopped, and he was taken with a palsy, so that he could no more speak any thing, nor give order concerning his house.
56 So Alcimus died at that time with great torment.
57 Now when Bacchides saw that Alcimus was dead, he returned to the king: whereupon the land of Yehudah was in rest two years.
58 Then all the unrighteous men held a council, saying, Behold, Yehonathan and his company are at ease, and dwell without care: now therefore we will bring Bacchides hither, who shall take them all in one night.
59 So they went and consulted with him.
60 Then removed he, and came with a great host, and sent letters privily to his adherents inYehudah, that they should take Yehonathan and those that were with him: howbeit they could not, because their counsel was known unto them.
61 Wherefore they took of the men of the country, that were authors of that mischief, about fifty persons, and slew them.
62 Afterward Yehonathan, and Shim’on, and they that were with him, got them away to Beyth Yashan, which is in the wilderness, and they repaired the decays thereof, and made it strong.
63 Which thing when Bacchides knew, he gathered together all his host, and sent word to them that were of Yehudah.
64 Then went he and laid siege against Beyth Yashan; and they fought against it a long season and made engines of war.
65 But Yehonathan left his brother Shim’on in the city, and went forth himself into the country, and with a certain number went he forth.
66 And he smote Odonarkes and his brethren, and the children of Phasiron in their tent.
67 And when he began to smite them, and came up with his forces, Shim’on and his company went out of the city, and burned up the engines of war,
68 And fought against Bacchides, who was discomfited by them, and they afflicted him sore: for his counsel and travail was in vain.
69 Wherefore he was very wroth at the wicked men that gave him counsel to come into the country, inasmuch as he slew many of them, and purposed to return into his own country.
70 Whereof when Yehonathan had knowledge, he sent ambassadors unto him, to the end he should make peace with him, and deliver them the prisoners.
71 Which thing he accepted, and did according to his demands, and swore unto him that he would never do him harm all the days of his life.
72 When therefore he had restored unto him the prisoners that he had taken aforetime out of the land of Yehudah, he returned and went his way into his own land, neither came he any more into their borders.
73 Thus the sword ceased from Yisra’el: but Yehonathan dwelt at Mukhmas, and began to govern the people; and he destroyed the unrighteous men out of Yisra’el.

Chapter 10

1 In the hundred and sixtieth year Alexander, the son of Antiochus surnamed Epiphanes, went up and took Ptolemais: for the people had received him, by means whereof he reigned there,
2 Now when king Demetrius heard thereof, he gathered together an exceeding great host, and went forth against him to fight.
3 Moreover Demetrius sent letters unto Yehonathan with loving words, so as he magnified him.
4 For said he, Let us first make peace with him, before he join with Alexander against us:
5 Else he will remember all the evils that we have done against him, and against his brethren and his people.
6 Wherefore he gave him authority to gather together an host, and to provide weapons, that he might aid him in battle: he commanded also that the hostages that were in the tower should be delivered him.
7 Then came Yehonathan to Yerushalayim, and read the letters in the audience of all the people, and of them that were in the tower:
8 Who were sore afraid, when they heard that the king had given him authority to gather together an host.
9 Whereupon they of the tower delivered their hostages unto Yehonathan, and he delivered them unto their parents.
10 This done, Yehonathan settled himself in Yerushalayim, and began to build and repair the city.
11 And he commanded the workmen to build the walls and the Mount Tsiyon and about with square stones for fortification; and they did so.
12 Then the strangers, that were in the fortresses which Bacchides had built, fled away;
13 Insomuch as every man left his place, and went into his own country.
14 Only at Beyth Sura certain of those that had forsaken the law and the commandments remained still: for it was their place of refuge.
15 Now when king Alexander had heard what promises Demetrius had sent unto Yehonathan: when also it was told him of the battles and noble acts which he and his brethren had done, and of the pains that they had endured,
16 He said, Shall we find such another man? now therefore we will make him our friend and confederate.
17 Upon this he wrote a letter, and sent it unto him, according to these words, saying,
18 King Alexander to his brother Yehonathan sends greeting:
19 We have heard of thee, that you are a man of great power, and meet to be our friend.
20 Wherefore now this day we ordain thee to be the high priest of thy nation, and to be called the king’s friend; (and therewithal he sent him a purple robe and a crown of gold:) and require thee to take our part, and keep friendship with us.
21 So in the seventh month (Tishrei) of the hundred and sixtieth year, at the feast of the tabernacles, Yehonathan put on the holy robe, and gathered together forces, and provided much armor.
22 Whereof when Demetrius heard, he was very sorry, and said,
23 What have we done, that Alexander hath prevented us in making amity with the Yehudim to strengthen himself?
24 I also will write unto them words of encouragement, and promise them dignities and gifts, that I may have their aid.
25 He sent unto them therefore to this effect: King Demetrius unto the people of the Yehudim sent greeting:
26 Whereas you have kept covenants with us, and continued in our friendship, not joining yourselves with our enemies, we have heard hereof, and are glad.
27 Wherefore now continue still to be faithful unto us, and we will well recompense you for the things you do in our behalf,
28 And will grant you many immunities, and give you rewards.
29 And now do I free you, and for your sake I release all the Yehudim, from tributes, and from the customs of salt, and from crown taxes,
30 And from that which appertains unto me to receive for the third part or the seed, and the half of the fruit of the trees, I release it from this day forth, so that they shall not be taken of the land of Yehudah, nor of the three governments which are added thereunto out of the country of Shomeron and Galil, from this day forth for evermore.
31 Let Yerushalayim also be set-apart and free, with the borders thereof, both from tenths and tributes.
32 And as for the tower which is at Yerushalayim, I yield up authority over it, and give the high priest, that he may set in it such men as he shall choose to keep it.
33 Moreover I freely set at liberty every one of the Yehudim, that were carried captives out of the land of Yehudah into any part of my kingdom, and I will that all my officers remit the tributes even of their cattle.
34 Furthermore I will that all the feasts, and Shabbatot, and new moons, and solemn days, and the three days before the feast, and the three days after the feast shall be all of immunity and freedom for all the Yehudim in my realm.
35 Also no man shall have authority to meddle with or to molest any of them in any matter.
36 I will further, that there be enrolled among the king’s forces about thirty thousand men of the Yehudim, unto whom pay shall be given, as belongs to all king’s forces.
37 And of them some shall be placed in the king’s strong holds, of whom also some shall be set over the affairs of the kingdom, which are of trust: and I will that their overseers and governors be of themselves, and that they live after their own laws, even as the king has commanded in the land of Yehudah.
38 And concerning the three governments that are added to Judea from the country of Shomeron, let them be joined with Yehudah, that they may be reckoned to be under one, nor bound to obey other authority than the high priest’s.
39 As for Ptolemais, and the land pertaining thereto, I give it as a free gift to the sanctuary at Yerushalayim for the necessary expenses of the sanctuary.
40 Moreover I give every year fifteen thousand shekels of silver out of the king’s accounts from the places appertaining.
41 And all the surplus, which the officers paid not in as in former time, from henceforth shall be given toward the works of the temple.
42 And beside this, the five thousand shekels of silver, which they took from the uses of the temple out of the accounts year by year, even those things shall be released, because they appertain to the priests that minister.
43 And whosoever they be that flee unto the temple at Yerushalayim, or be within the liberties hereof, being indebted unto the king, or for any other matter, let them be at liberty, and all that they have in my realm.
44 For the building also and repairing of the works of the sanctuary expenses shall be given of the king’s accounts.
45 Yea, and for the building of the walls of Yerushalayim, and the fortifying thereof round about, expenses shall be given out of the king’s accounts, as also for the building of the walls in Yehudah.
46 Now when Yehonathan and the people heard these words, they gave no credit unto them, nor received them, because they remembered the great evil that he had done in Yisra’el; for he had afflicted them very sore.
47 But with Alexander they were well pleased, because he was the first that entreated of true peace with them, and they were confederate with him always.
48 Then gathered king Alexander great forces, and camped over against Demetrius.
49 And after the two kings had joined battle, Demetrius’ host fled: but Alexander followed after him, and prevailed against them.
50 And he continued the battle very sore until the sun went down: and that day was Demetrius slain.
51 Afterward Alexander sent ambassadors to Ptolemy king of Mitsrayim with a message to this effect:
52 Forasmuch as I am come again to my realm, and am set in the throne of my progenitors, and have gotten the dominion, and overthrown Demetrius, and recovered our country;
53 For after I had joined battle with him, both he and his host was discomfited by us, so that we sit in the throne of his kingdom:
54 Now therefore let us make a league of amity together, and give me now your daughter to wife: and I will be your son in law, and will give both you and her as according to your dignity.
55 Then Ptolemy the king gave answer, saying, Happy be the day wherein you returned into the land of your fathers, and sat in the throne of their kingdom.
56 And now will I do to you, as you hast written: meet me therefore at Ptolemais, that we may see one another; for I will marry my daughter to you according to your desire.
57 So Ptolemy went out of Mitsrayim with his daughter Cleopatra, and they came unto Ptolemais in the hundred threescore and second year:
58 Where king Alexander meeting him, he gave unto him his daughter Cleopatra, and celebrated her marriage at Ptolemais with great glory, as the manner of kings is.
59 Now king Alexander had written unto Yehonathan, that he should come and meet him.
60 Who thereupon went honorably to Ptolemais, where he met the two kings, and gave them and their friends silver and gold, and many presents, and found favor in their sight.
61 At that time certain pestilent fellows of Yisra’el, men of a wicked life, assembled themselves against him, to accuse him: but the king would not hear them.
62 Yea more than that, the king commanded to take off his garments, and clothe him in purple: and they did so.
63 And he made him sit by himself, and said into his princes, Go with him into the midst of the city, and make proclamation, that no man complain against him of any matter, and that no man trouble him for any manner of cause.
64 Now when his accusers saw that he was honored according to the proclamation, and clothed in purple, they fled all away.
65 So the king honored him, and wrote him among his chief friends, and made him a duke, and partaker of his dominion.
66 Afterward Yehonathan returned to Yerushalayim with peace and gladness.
67 Furthermore in the; hundred threescore and fifth year came Demetrius son of Demetrius out of Crete into the land of his fathers:
68 Whereof when king Alexander heard tell, he was right sorry, and returned into Antioch.
69 Then Demetrius made Apollonius the governor of Celosyria his general, who gathered together a great host, and camped in Yamnia, and sent unto Yehonathan the high priest, saying,
70 You alone lift up yourself against us, and I am laughed to scorn for your sake, and reproached: and why do you vaunt your power against us in the mountains?
71 Now therefore, if you trust in your own strength, come down to us into the plain field, and there let us try the matter together: for with me is the power of the cities.
72 Ask and learn who I am, and the rest that take our part, and they shall tell you that your foot is not able to to flight in their own land.
73 Wherefore now you shalt not be able to abide the horsemen and so great a power in the plain, where is neither stone nor flint, nor place to flee unto.
74 So when Yehonathan heard these words of Apollonius, he was moved in his mind, and choosing ten thousand men he went out of Yerushalayim, where Shim’on his brother met him for to help him.
75 And he pitched his tents against Yapho: but; they of Yapho shut him out of the city, because Apollonius had a garrison there.
76 Then Yehonathan laid siege unto it: whereupon they of the city let him in for fear: and so Yehonathan won Yapho.
77 Whereof when Apollonius heard, he took three thousand horsemen, with a great host of footmen, and went to Azotus as one that journeyed, and therewithal drew him forth into the plain. because he had a great number of horsemen, in whom he put his trust.
78 Then Yehonathan followed after him to Azotus, where the armies joined battle.
79 Now Apollonius had left a thousand horsemen in ambush.
80 And Yehonathan knew that there was an ambush behind him; for they had compassed in his host, and cast darts at the people, from morning till evening.
81 But the people stood still, as Yehonathan had commanded them: and so the enemies’ horses were tired.
82 Then brought Shim’on forth his host, and set them against the footmen, (for the horsemen were spent) who were discomfited by him, and fled.
83 The horsemen also, being scattered in the field, fled to Azotus, and went into Beyth Dagon, their idol’s temple, for safety.
84 But Yehonathan set fire on Azotus, and the cities round about it, and took their spoils; and the temple of Dagon, with them that were fled into it, he burned with fire.
85 Thus there were burned and slain with the sword well nigh eight thousand men.
86 And from thence Yehonathan removed his host, and camped against Eshkalon, where the men of the city came forth, and met him with great pomp.
87 After this returned Yehonathan and his host unto Yerushalayim, having any spoils.
88 Now when king Alexander heard these things, he honored Yehonathan yet more.
89 And sent him a buckle of gold, as the use is to be given to such as are of the king’s blood: he gave him also Accaron with the borders thereof in possession.

Chapter 11

1 And the king of Mitsrayim gathered together a great host, like the sand that lies upon the sea shore, and many ships, and went about through deceit to get Alexander’s kingdom, and join it to his own.
2 Whereupon he took his journey into Sepharad (Spain) in peaceable manner, so as they of the cities opened unto him, and met him: for king Alexander had commanded them so to do, because he was his brother in law.
3 Now as Ptolemy entered into the cities, he set in every one of them a garrison of soldiers to keep it.
4 And when he came near to Azotus, they shewed him the temple of Dagon that was burnt, and Azotus and the suburbs thereof that were destroyed, and the bodies that were cast abroad and them that he had burnt in the battle; for they had made heaps of them by the way where he should pass.
5 Also they told the king whatsoever Yehonathan had done, to the intent he might blame him: but the king held his peace.
6 Then Yehonathan met the king with great pomp at Yapho, where they saluted one another, and lodged.
7 Afterward Yehonathan, when he had gone with the king to the river called Eleutherus, returned again to Yerusalayim.
8 King Ptolemy therefore, having gotten the dominion of the cities by the sea unto Seleucia upon the sea coast, imagined wicked counsels against Alexander.
9 Whereupon he sent ambasadors unto king Demetrius, saying, Come, let us make a league between us, and I will give you my daughter whom Alexander has, and you shalt reign in your father’s kingdom:
10 For I repent that I gave my daughter unto him, for he sought to slay me.
11 Thus did he slander him, because he was desirous of his kingdom.
12 Wherefore he took his daughter from him, and gave her to Demetrius, and forsook Alexander, so that their hatred was openly known.
13 Then Ptolemy entered into Antioch, where he set two crowns upon his head, the crown of Asia, and of Mitsayim.
14 In the mean season was king Alexander in Cilicia, because those that dwelt in those parts had revolted from him.
15 But when Alexander heard of this, he came to war against him: whereupon king Ptolemy brought forth his host, and met him with a mighty power, and put him to flight.
16 So Alexander fled into Arabia there to be defended; but king Ptolemy was exalted:
17 For Zabd’el the Arabian took off Alexander’s head, and sent it unto Ptolemy.
18 King Ptolemy also died the third day after, and they that were in the strong holds were slain one of another.
19 By this means Demetrius reigned in the hundred threescore and seventh year.
20 At the same time Yehonathan gathered together them that were in Yehudah to take the tower that was in Yerushalayim: and he made many engines of war against it.
21 Then came unrighteous persons, who hated their own people, went unto the king, and told him that Yehonathan besieged the tower,
22 Whereof when he heard, he was angry, and immediately removing, he came to Ptolemais, and wrote unto Yehonathan, that he should not lay siege to the tower, but come and speak with him at Ptolemais in great haste.
23 Nevertheless Yehonathan, when he heard this, commanded to besiege it still: and he chose certain of the elders of Yisra’el and the priests, and put himself in peril;
24 And took silver and gold, and raiment, and divers presents besides, and went to Ptolemais unto the king, where he found favor in his sight.
25 And though certain unrighteous men of the people had made complaints against him,
26 Yet the king entreated him as his predecessors had done before, and promoted him in the sight of all his friends,
27 And confirmed him in the high priesthood, and in all the honors that he had before, and gave him preeminence among his chief friends.
28 Then Yehonathan desired the king, that he would make Yehudah free from tribute, as also the three governments, with the country of Shomeron; and he promised him three hundred talents.
29 So the king consented, and wrote letters unto Yehonathan of all these things after this manner:
30 King Demetrius unto his brother Yehonathan, and unto the nation of the Yehudim, sends greeting:
31 We send you here a copy of the letter which we did write unto our cousin Lasthenes concerning you, that you might see it.
32 King Demetrius unto his father Lasthenes sends greeting:
33 We are determined to do good to the people of the Yehudim, who are our friends, and keep covenants with us, because of their good will toward us.
34 Wherefore we have ratified unto them the borders of Yehudah, with the three governments of Apherema and Lydda and Ramathem, that are added unto Yehudah from the country of Shomeron, and all things appertaining unto them, for all such as do sacrifice in Yerushalayim, instead of the payments which the king received of them yearly aforetime out of the fruits of the earth and of trees.
35 And as for other things that belong unto us, of the tithes and customs pertaining unto us, as also the saltpits, and the crown taxes, which are due unto us, we discharge them of them all for their relief.
36 And nothing hereof shall be revoked from this time forth for ever.
37 Now therefore see that you make a copy of these things, and let it be delivered unto Yehonathan, and set upon the set-apart mount in a conspicuous place.
38 After this, when king Demetrius saw that the land was quiet before him, and that no resistance was made against him, he sent away all his forces, every one to his own place, except certain bands of strangers, whom he had gathered from the isles of the heathen: wherefore all the forces of his fathers hated him.
39 Moreover there was one Tryphon, that had been of Alexander’s part afore, who, seeing that all the host murmured against Demetrius, went to Simalcue the Arabian that brought up Antiochus the young son of Alexander,
40 And lay sore upon him to deliver him this young Antiochus, that he might reign in his father’s stead: he told him therefore all that Demetrius had done, and how his men of war were at enmity with him, and there he remained a long season.
41 In the mean time Yehonathan sent unto king Demetrius, that he would cast those of the tower out of Yerushalayim, and those also in the fortresses: for they fought against Yisra’el.
42 So Demetrius sent unto Yehonathan, saying, I will not only do this for you and your people, but I will greatly honor you and your nation, if opportunity serve.
43 Now therefore you shall do well, if you send me men to help me; for all my forces are gone from me.
44 Upon this Yehonathan sent him three thousand strong men unto Antioch: and when they came to the king, the king was very glad of their coming.
45 Howbeit they that were of the city gathered themselves together into the midst of the city, to the number of an hundred and twenty thousand men, and would have slain the king.
46 Wherefore the king fled into the court, but they of the city kept the passages of the city, and began to fight.
47 Then the king called to the Yehudim for help, who came unto him all at once, and dispersing themselves through the city slew that day in the city to the number of an hundred thousand.
48 Also they set fire on the city, and gat many spoils that day, and delivered the king.
49 So when they of the city saw that the Yehudim had got the city as they would, their courage was abated: wherefore they made supplication to the king, and cried, saying,
50 Grant us peace, and let the Yehudim cease from assaulting us and the city.
51 With that they cast away their weapons, and made peace; and the Yehudim were honored in the sight of the king, and in the sight of all that were in his realm; and they returned to Yerushalayim, having great spoils.
52 So king Demetrius sat on the throne of his kingdom, and the land was quiet before him.
53 Nevertheless he dissembled in all that ever he spoke, and estranged himself from Yehonathan, neither rewarded he him according to the benefits which he had received of him, but troubled him very sore.
54 After this returned Tryphon, and with him the young child Antiochus, who reigned, and was crowned.
55 Then there gathered unto him all the men of war, whom Demetrius had put away, and they fought against Demetrius, who turned his back and fled.
56 Moreover Tryphon took the elephants, and won Antioch.
57 At that time young Antiochus wrote unto Yehonathan, saying, I confirm thee in the high priesthood, and appoint thee ruler over the four governments, and to be one of the king’s friends.
58 Upon this he sent him golden vessels to be served in, and gave him leave to drink in gold, and to be clothed in purple, and to wear a golden buckle.
59 His brother Shim’on also he made captain from the place called The ladder of Tyre unto the borders of Mitsrayim.
60 Then Yehonathan went forth, and passed through the cities beyond the water, and all the forces of Assyria gathered themselves unto him for to help him: and when he came to Eshkalon, they of the city met him honorably.
61 From whence he went to Gaza, but they of Gaza shut him out; wherefore he laid siege unto it, and burned the suburbs thereof with fire, and spoiled them.
62 Afterward, when they of Gaza made supplication unto Yehonathan, he made peace with them, and took the sons of their chief men for hostages, and sent them to Yerushalayim, and passed through the country unto Damascus.
63 Now when Yehonathan heard that Demetrius’ princes were come to Kades, which is in Galil, with a great power, purposing to remove him out of the country,
64 He went to meet them, and left Shim’on his brother in the country.
65 Then Shim’on encamped against Beyth Surah and fought against it a long season, and shut it up:
66 But they desired to have peace with him, which he granted them, and then put them out from thence, and took the city, and set a garrison in it.
67 As for Yehonathan and his host, they pitched at the water of Kinneret, from whence betimes in the morning they got them to the plain of Chazor.
68 And, behold, the host of strangers met them in the plain, who, having laid men in ambush for him in the mountains, came themselves over against him.
69 So when they that lay in ambush rose out of their places and joined battle, all that were of Yehonathan’s side fled;
70 Insomuch as there was not one of them left, except Mattityahu the son of Absalom, and Yehudah the son of Qalphi, the captains of the host.
71 Then Yehonathan rent his clothes, and cast earth upon his head, and prayed.
72 Afterwards turning again to battle, he put them to flight, and so they ran away.
73 Now when his own men that were fled saw this, they turned again unto him, and with him pursued them to Kades, even unto their own tents, and there they camped.
74 So there were slain of the heathen that day about three thousand men: but Yehonathan returned to Yerushalayim.

Chapter 12

1 Now when Yehonathan saw that time served him, he chose certain men, and sent them to Roma, for to confirm and renew the friendship that they had with them.
2 He sent letters also to the Spartidai (Lacedaemonians/Spartans), and to other places, for the same purpose.
3 So they went unto Roma, and entered into the senate, and said, Yehonathan the Kohen HaGadol (High Priest), and the people of the Yehudim, sent us unto you, to the end you should renew the friendship, which you had with them, and league, as in former time.
4 Upon this the Romayim gave them letters unto the governors of every place that they should bring them into the land of Yehudah peaceably.
5 And this is the copy of the letters which Yehonathan wrote to the Spartidai:
6 Yehonathan the Kohen HaGadol, and the elders of the nation, and the Levites, and the other of the Yehudim, unto the Spartidai their brethren send greeting:
7 There were letters sent in times past unto Onias the high priest from Darius, who reigned then among you, to signify that ye are our brethren, as the copy here underwritten doth specify.
8 At which time Onias entreated the ambassador that was sent honorably, and received the letters, wherein declaration was made of the league and friendship.
9 Therefore we also, albeit we need none of these things, that we have the kodesh books of scripture in our hands to comfort us,
10 Have nevertheless attempted to send unto you for the renewing of brotherhood and friendship, lest we should become strangers unto you altogether: for there is a long time passed since you sent unto us.
11 We therefore at all times without ceasing, both in our feasts, and other mo’edim, do remember you in the sacrifices which we offer, and in our prayers, as reason is, and as it becomes us to think upon our brethren:
12 And we are right glad of your honor.
13 As for ourselves, we have had great troubles and wars on every side, forasmuch as the kings that are round about us have fought against us.
14 Howbeit we would not be troublesome unto you, nor to others of our confederates and friends, in these wars:
15 For we have help from heaven that succoureth us, so as we are delivered from our enemies, and our enemies are brought under foot.
16 For this cause we chose Numenius the son of Antiochus, and Antipater the son of Jason, and sent them unto the Romayim, to renew the amity that we had with them, and the former league.
17 We commanded them also to go unto you, and to salute and to deliver you our letters concerning the renewing of our brotherhood.
18 Wherefore now you shall do well to give us an answer thereto.
19 And this is the copy of the letters which Oniares sent.
20 Areus king of the Spartidai to Onias the high priest, greeting:
21 It is found in writing, that the Spartidai and Yehudim are brethren, and that they are of the stock of Avraham:
22 Now therefore, since this is come to our knowledge, you shall do well to write unto us of your prosperity.
23 We do write back again to you, that your cattle and goods are our’s, and our’s are your’s We do command therefore our ambassadors to make report unto you on this wise.
24 Now when Yehonathan heard that Demebius’ princes were come to fight against him with a greater host than afore,
25 He removed from Yerushalayim, and met them in the land of Chamath: for he gave them no respite to enter his country.
6 He sent spies also unto their tents, who came again, and told him that they were appointed to come upon them in the night season.
27 Wherefore so soon as the sun was down, Yehonathan commanded his men to watch, and to be in arms, that all the night long they might be ready to fight: also he sent forth centinels round about the host.
28 But when the adversaries heard that Yehonathan and his men were ready for battle, they feared, and trembled in their hearts, and they kindled fires in their camp.
29 Howbeit Yehonathan and his company knew it not till the morning: for they saw the lights burning.
30 Then Yehonathan pursued after them, but overtook them not: for they were gone over the river Eleutherus.
31 Wherefore Yehonathan turned to the Arabians, who were called Zabadeans, and smote them, and took their spoils.
32 And removing thence, he came to Damascus, and so passed through all the country,
33 Shim’on also went forth, and passed through the country unto Eshkalon, and the holds there adjoining, from whence he turned aside to Yapho, and won it.
34 For he had heard that they would deliver the hold unto them that took Demetrius’ part; wherefore he set a garrison there to keep it.
35 After this came Yehonathan home again, and calling the elders of the people together, he consulted with them about building strong holds in Yehudah,
36 And making the walls of Yerushalayim higher, and raising a great mount between the tower and the city, for to separate it from the city, that so it might be alone, that men might neither sell nor buy in it.
37 Upon this they came together to build up the city, forasmuch as part of the wall toward the brook on the east side was fallen down, and they repaired that which was called Kaphenathah.
38 Shim’on also set up Adida in Sephela, and made it strong with gates and bars.
39 Now Tryphon went about to get the kingdom of Asia, and to kill Antiochus the king, that he might set the crown upon his own head.
40 Howbeit he was afraid that Yehonathan would not suffer him, and that he would fight against him; wherefore he sought a way how to take Yehonathan, that he might kill him. So he removed, and came to Bashan.
41 Then Yehonathan went out to meet him with forty thousand men chosen for the battle, and came to Bashan.
42 Now when Tryphon saw Yehonathan came with so great a force, he durst not stretch his hand against him;
43 But received him honorably, and commended him unto all his friends, and gave him gifts, and commanded his men of war to be as obedient unto him, as to himself.
44 Unto Yehonathan also he said, Why hast thou brought all this people to so great trouble, seeing there is no war between us?
45 Therefore send them now home again, and choose a few men to wait on you, and come with me to Ptolemais, for I will give it to you, and the rest of the strong holds and forces, and all that have any charge: as for me, I will return and depart: for this is the cause of my coming.
46 So Yehonathan believing him did as he bade him, and sent away his host, who went into the land of Yehudah.
47 And with himself he retained but three thousand men, of whom he sent two thousand into Galil, and one thousand went with him.
48 Now as soon as Yehonathan entered into Ptolemais, they of Ptolemais shut the gates and took him, and all them that came with him they slew with the sword.
49 Then sent Tryphon an host of footmen and horsemen into Galil, and into the great plain, to destroy all Yehonathan’s company.
50 But when they knew that Yehonathan and they that were with him were taken and slain, they encouraged one another; and went close together, prepared to fight.
51 They therefore that followed upon them, perceiving that they were ready to fight for their lives, turned back again.
52 Whereupon they all came into the land of Yehudah peaceably, and there they bewailed Yehonathan, and them that were with him, and they were sore afraid; wherefore all Yisra’el made great lamentation.
53 Then all the heathen that were round about then sought to destroy them: for said they, They have no captain, nor any to help them: now therefore let us make war upon them, and take away their memorial from among men.

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